Massasoit

/mas"euh soyt'/, n.
c1580-1661, North American Indian leader: sachem of the Wampanoag tribe; negotiator of peace treaty with the Pilgrims 1621 (father of King Philip).

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born с 1590, near present Bristol, R.I.
died 1661, near Bristol

American Indian chief.

He was the grand sachem (intertribal chief) of the Wampanoag Indians, who inhabited parts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. In March 1621, several months after the Mayflower landed, he journeyed to Plymouth and established peaceful relations with the settlers, with whom he shared techniques of planting, fishing, and cooking. In 1623 he was nursed back to health from a serious illness by grateful Pilgrims. After his death, good will gradually dissolved, leading to the bloody King Philip's War (1675), which was led by his son Metacom.

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▪ Wampanoag chief
      (b. c. 1590, near present Bristol, R.I., U.S.—d. 1661, near Bristol), Wampanoag Indian chief who throughout his life maintained peaceful relations with English settlers in the area of the Plymouth Colony, Mass.

      Massasoit was the grand sachem (intertribal chief) of all the Wampanoag Indians, who inhabited parts of present Massachusetts and Rhode Island, particularly the coastal regions. In March 1621—several months after the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth—Massasoit journeyed to the colony with his colleague Samoset, who had already made friendly overtures to the Pilgrims there. Convinced of the value of a thriving trade with the newcomers, Massasoit set out to ensure peaceful accord between the races—a peace that lasted as long as he lived. In addition, he and his fellow Indians shared techniques of planting, fishing, and cooking that were essential to the settlers' survival in the wilderness. When Massasoit became dangerously ill in the winter of 1623, he was nursed back to health by the grateful Pilgrims. The colonial leader, Governor Edward Winslow, was said to have traveled several miles through the snow to deliver nourishing broth to the chief.

      Massasoit was able to keep the peace for many decades, but new waves of land-hungry Europeans created tension as the Indians' native land was steadily taken over by the whites. When he died, goodwill gradually dissolved, culminating in the bloody King Philip's War (1675), led by Massasoit's second son.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Massasoit — (* um 1580; † 1662) war Obersachem der Wampanoag, deren Wohngebiet im Südosten des heutigen US Bundesstaates Massachusetts lag. Massasoit war ein Titel, sein wirklicher Name lautete Wasamegin und bedeutet Gelbe Feder. Obwohl er vor 1621 in keinem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Massasoit — fumando la pipa de la Paz. Massasoit (¿1580? 1661), también conocido como Usamquin o Yellow Feather, fue un líder amerindio de los wampanoag, una tribu localizada en el noreste de los Estados Unidos. Nació en la localidad de Pokanoket en las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Massasoit — [mas′ə soit΄] died 1661; chief of the Wampanoag Indians: signed a treaty with the Pilgrims of Plymouth in 1621 …   English World dictionary

  • Massasoit — This 1902 photo shows Profile Rock in Assonet, Massachusetts. The local Wampanoag believe it to be the image of Massasoit. Massasoit Sachem or Ousamequin (c. 1581 – 1661),[1] was the sachem, or leader, of the Pokanoket, and Massasoit of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Massasoit — Statue commémorative à Plymouth. Massasoit (c. 1590 1661) aussi connu sous le nom de Ousamequin (signifiant « Plume jaune ») était un chef amérindien de la tribu des Wampanoag, un peuple habitant les côtes de la Baie du Massachusetts et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massasoit — biographical name died 1661 Wampanoag Indian chief …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Massasoit — ( 1590, cerca de la actual Bristol, R.I.–1661, cerca de Bristol). Jefe indio de América del Norte. Fue el gran sachem (jefe intertribal) de los indios wampanoag, que habitaban en partes de Massachusetts y Rhode Island. En marzo de 1621, varios… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Massasoit — Mas•sa•soit [[t]ˈmæs əˌsɔɪt[/t]] n. big c1580–1661, North American Indian leader: negotiator of peace treaty with the Pilgrims 1621 …   From formal English to slang

  • Massasoit — /ˈmæsəsɔɪt/ (say masuhsoyt) noun c. 1580–1661, Native American chief (father of King Philip) who negotiated a peace treaty with the Pilgrim Fathers …   Australian English dictionary

  • Massasoit — noun Wampanoag leader who aided the Pilgrims (1580 1661) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Indian chief, ↑Indian chieftain, ↑Wampanoag …   Useful english dictionary

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