Mary, Queen of Scots

(Mary Stuart) 1542-87, queen of Scotland 1542-67; beheaded for plotting to assassinate her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.

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born Dec. 8, 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scot.
died Feb. 8, 1587, Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, Eng.

Queen of Scotland (1542–67).

She became queen when her father, James V (1512–42), died six days after her birth. She was sent by her mother, Mary of Guise, to be raised at the court of the French king Henry II and was married in 1558 to his son Francis II. After Francis's brief rule as king (1559–60) ended with his premature death, Mary returned to Scotland (1561), where she was distrusted because of her Catholic upbringing. In 1565 the red-haired queen married her ambitious cousin Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, and became a victim of intrigues among the Scottish nobles. Darnley conspired with them to murder her confidant David Riccio. After the birth of her son James (later James I of England) in 1566, Mary was estranged from Darnley, who was murdered in 1567. Ignoring objections by the jealous Scottish nobility, she married James Hepburn, earl of Bothwell (1535?–78), a suspect in Darnley's murder. The rebellious nobles deserted her army at Carberry Hill and forced her to abdicate in favour of her son (1567). After failed attempts to win back the throne, she sought refuge in England with her cousin Elizabeth I, who arranged to keep her in captivity. Several uprisings by English Catholics in Mary's favour convinced Elizabeth to have Mary tried and condemned; she was beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in 1587.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mary Queen of Scots — • Mary Stuart, born at Linlithgow, 8 December, 1542; died at Fotheringay, 8 February, 1587. She was the only legitimate child of James V of Scotland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mary Queen of Scots     Mary Queen o …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — (Mary Stuart) 1542 87, queen of Scotland 1542 67; beheaded for plotting to assassinate her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. * * * Mary, Queen of Scots [Mary, Queen of Scots] (Mary Stuart 1542–87) the queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567. She was the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mary Queen of Scots — also Mary Stuart (1542 87) the daughter of the Scottish King James V. She became Queen of Scotland when she was one week old, but in 1568 she was forced to give up her position, and she escaped to England. Instead of helping her, the English… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — (Mary Stuart) 1542 87; queen of Scotland (1542 67): beheaded …   English World dictionary

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — For other uses, see Mary, Queen of Scots (disambiguation). Mary Stuart Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots after François Clouet Queen of Scots …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — Dieser Artikel behandelt den Film Maria Stuart, Königin von Schottland. Für den Artikel zur historischen Figur siehe Maria Stuart. Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Maria Stuart, Königin von Schottland Originaltitel: Mary, Queen of Scots Produktionsland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — Mar′y, Queen′ of Scots′ n. big (Mary Stuart) 1542–87, queen of Scotland 1542–67 …   From formal English to slang

  • Mary Queen of Scots — Mary Stuart …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS —    daughter of James V. and Mary of Lorraine, born at Linlithgow, became by her father s death queen ere she was a week old; her early childhood was spent on an island in the Lake of Menteith; she was sent to France in 1548, brought up at court… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mary Queen of Scots — noun queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried… …   Useful english dictionary

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