Martin I

died A.D. 655, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 649-655.

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▪ king of Sicily
byname  Martin The Younger,  Italian  Martino Il Giovane 
born 1374
died July 25, 1409, Cagliari, Sardinia [Italy]

      prince of Aragon, king of Sicily (1392–1409), and skilled soldier, who had to subdue a popular revolt to maintain his reign on the island.

      The son of Martin the Humanist of Aragon, Martin married Queen Mary of Sicily in November 1391. He was crowned at Palermo in May 1392, without having requested investiture by the pope. Baronial opposition to the Aragonese mounted, and when Martin condemned and executed as a traitor a nobleman who had been accused by an ambitious Aragonese rival, a rebellion broke out all over the island, later spreading to Messina and Catania. Martin proved himself to be a skilled and courageous soldier in quelling the rebels, who were supported by the pope.

      Having restored order, Martin called a general parliament at Syracuse in 1398, which reformed the administration of the kingdom. Having lost his wife and son in 1402, he married Blanche of Navarre the following year. He then set out to bring Sardinia under his father's rule. When he died there, leaving no heir, he was succeeded by his father.

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Universalium. 2010.

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