/mar'ee ooh"peuhl/; Russ. /meuh rddyi ooh"peuhl/, n.
a city in SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov. 503,000. Formerly (1948-89), Zhdanov.

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formerly  (1948–89) Zhdanov 

      city, southeastern Ukraine. It lies along the estuary of the Kalmius and Kalchik rivers, 6 miles (10 km) from the Sea of Azov (Azov, Sea of). Mariupol originated as a 16th-century Cossack fortress and administrative centre named Kalmius. It was renamed Pavlovsk in 1775 after Russia assumed control over it, and in 1780 it became Mariupol after a large number of Greeks from the Crimean Peninsula were resettled there. In 1882 it was connected by rail to the Donets Basin and developed as a major port for the region. The city was renamed Zhdanov in 1948 for Andrey Aleksandrovich Zhdanov (Zhdanov, Andrey Aleksandrovich), a recently deceased high-ranking Communist Party functionary who had been born there, though the city's earlier name was restored in 1989. Modern Mariupol's exports have included coal, steel, machinery, and grain. It is the base of a fishing fleet, and a dredged channel leads to the open sea. Mariupol has large iron- and steelworks and associated coke-chemical and machine-building works; other industries have included ship repairing, fish canning, and flour milling. The city also has a metallurgical institute. Pop. (2005 est.) 482,440.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mariupol — Маріуполь …   Wikipedia

  • Mariupol — (Маріуполь) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mariupol — Маріуполь Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mariupol — Mariupol, Stadt im Stadtgouvernement Taganrog des russischen Gouvernements Jekaterinoslaw (Südrußland), liegt am Kalmius u. Asowschen Meer; 7000 Ew., welche viel Saffian fertigen, Seide bauen u. etwas Handel treiben. Die Stadt ist von Griechen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mariupol — Mariupol, Kreis und Hafenstadt im russ. Gouv. Jekaterinoslaw, am Asowschen Meer, unfern der Mündung des Kalmius und an der Zweigbahn M. Iassinowataja der Katharinen Eisenbahn, besteht aus der eigentlichen Stadt und zwei Vorstädten, Marinsk und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mariupól — Mariupól, Hafenstadt im russ. Gouv. Jekaterinoslaw, am Asowschen Meer, 52.770 E. (ca. 50 Proz. Griechen) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mariupol — [mä΄rē o͞o′pō̂l] city in SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov: pop. 522,000: see ZHDANOV …   English World dictionary

  • Mariupol — Marioupol Marioupol Маріуполь …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mariupol — Original name in latin Mariupol Name in other language Gorad Maryupal , Hayeren, MPW, Marijupol, Marioupol, Marioupol , Marioupoli, Mariupol, Mariupol , Mariupolj, Zhdanov, hindi, kartuli, ma li wu bo er, ma ri xupal, maliupol, mari upol, mari… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Mariupol' — or 1949 89 Zhdanov geographical name city E Ukraine population 417,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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