marionette

/mar'ee euh net"/, n.
a puppet manipulated from above by strings attached to its jointed limbs.
[1610-20; < F marionnette, equiv. to Marion (dim. of Marie Mary) + -ette -ETTE]

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Puppet figure manipulated from above by strings attached to a wooden cross or control.

The figure, also called a string puppet, is usually manipulated by nine strings, attached to each leg, hand, shoulder, and ear and at the base of the spine. Additional strings give more sensitive control of movement, and some marionettes can be made to imitate almost every human and animal action. Early marionettes were controlled by an iron rod instead of strings, a form that survived in Sicily. In the 18th century, marionette operas were extremely popular, and they are still performed today in Salzburg to Mozart's music. See also puppetry.

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also called  string puppet  
 any of several types of puppet figures manipulated from above by strings or threads attached to a control. In a simple marionette, the strings are attached in nine places: to each leg, hand, shoulder, and ear and at the base of the spine. By adding strings, more sensitive control of movement is achieved. Among European puppets, marionettes are considered the most delicate and difficult to master; some are capable of imitating almost every human and animal action.

      Although this type of puppet was not fully developed until the mid-19th century, examples of marionettes controlled by an iron rod instead of strings still survive in Sicily and elsewhere. In the 18th century marionette operas, acting out the works of well-known composers, were extremely popular.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marionette — Marionette …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Marionette — Sf an Fäden bewegliche Puppe erw. fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. marionnette, aus frz. * mariolette, einer Ableitung von mfrz. mariole Figürchen , eigentlich ein Hypokoristikum zu frz. Marie (= Maria), aber wohl zurückgehend auf l …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Marionette — Mar i*o*nette , n. [F. marionette, prop. a dim. of Marie Mary.] 1. A puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) The buffel duck. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • marionette — puppet worked by strings, c.1620, lit. little little Mary, from Fr. marionette (16c.), dim. of O.Fr. mariole figurine, idol, picture of the Virgin Mary, dim. of Marie (see MARY (Cf. Mary)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Marionette — (frz.), Gliederpuppe, die auf einem Marionettentheater mittels Schnüren oder Drähten bewegt wird; danach willenloser, von andern beherrschter Mensch. – Vgl. Rehm (1905) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marionette — »(an Fäden oder Drähten aufgehängte und dadurch bewegliche) Gliederpuppe für Puppentheater«, auch übertragen gebraucht im Sinne von »willenloses Geschöpf«: Das Fremdwort wurde im 17. Jh. aus gleichbed. frz. marionnette entlehnt, das als Ableitung …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • marionette — [n] puppet doll, dummy, fantoccini, figurine, manikin, moppet; concepts 423,446 …   New thesaurus

  • marionette — ► NOUN ▪ a puppet worked by strings. ORIGIN French, from the given name Marion …   English terms dictionary

  • marionette — [mar΄ē ə net′, mer΄ē ə net΄] n. [Fr, dim. of Marion: see MARION1] a puppet or little jointed figure made to look like a person or animal and moved by strings or wires from above, often on a miniature stage …   English World dictionary

  • Marionette — This article is about the type of puppet. For other uses, see Marionette (disambiguation). Marionette from Tiller family marionette company, 1870s 1890s …   Wikipedia

  • Marionette — Mexikaner als Marionette Eine Marionette ist eine Gliederpuppe, die von einem Marionettenspieler mit Hilfe von Fäden bewegt wird, die an den einzelnen Gliedern befestigt sind. Das Baumaterial war früher in der Regel Holz. Für die Köpfe wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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