Marcomanni

Marcomannic /mahr'koh man"ik/, adj.
/mahr'koh man"uy/, n. (used with a pl. v.)
an ancient Germanic people who lived in central Europe.

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people
also spelled  Marcomani 

      German tribe that settled in the Main River valley soon after 100 BC; they were members of the Suebi group (see Suebi). To escape Roman aggression in 9 BC they migrated east to Bohemia, where under their king Maroboduus they built a powerful confederation of tribes. The kingdom broke up after a war with the great German leader Arminius and in AD 19 Maroboduus became an exile in Roman territory. For many decades thereafter the Marcomanni and their neighbours the Quadi were clients of Rome, receiving frequent subsidies; and many Roman traders settled in their country. An attack by both tribes on the Romans in AD 88–89 was an isolated incident. But about 167 the Marcomanni with many allies invaded Roman territory and penetrated into Italy. The emperor Marcus Aurelius expelled them but was involved in war with them almost constantly until his death in 180, having apparently decided to annex their country. His plans were abandoned by his son Commodus. After that time surviving records do not mention the Marcomanni, but they probably formed part of the later Alemannic confederations.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marcomanni — name of a Teutonic tribe, from L. Marcomanni, from a Germanic compound, lit. men of the border; Cf. O.H.G. mark, O.E. mearc border (see MARCH (Cf. march) (n.2)). For second element, see MAN (Cf. man) (n.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Marcomanni — Marcomanni, s. Markomannen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • MARCOMANNI — Germaniae populi Hercyniae silvae accolae, qui hodie Moravi dicuntur. Hi Ariovistô duce Rhenum transgressi magnâ suorum strage a Caesare superati fuêre. Mercher veteribus, hodie Mercher, idque a Marcâ, hoc est, limite; eo quod fluvius inde nomen… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Marcomanni — The Roman Empire under Hadrian (ruled 117 138), showing the location of the Marcomanni in the region of the upper Danube (modern N Austria/Czech republic) The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribe, probably related to the Buri, Suebi or Suevi.… …   Wikipedia

  • marcomanni — ˌmärkəˈmaˌnī noun plural Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Latin Marcomani, Marcomanni : an ancient Germanic people related to the Suevians …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marcomanni — noun An ancient Germanic tribe …   Wiktionary

  • marcomanni — mar·co·man·ni …   English syllables

  • Маркоманны — (Marcomanni “люди, живущие на марке, т. е. границе) германское племя, принадлежавшее с союзу свевов и жившее между средней Эльбою и Одером. Марбод, около 10 г. до Р. Хр., вывел их в нынешнюю Чехию, где они составили ядро его государства. Около 88 …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • МАРКОМАННЫ —    • Marcomanni,          Μαοκομάννοι, т. е. пограничные жители, народ, по ошибке упоминаемый Цезарем (b. g 1, 51) между племенами, находившимися под властью Ариовиста. Позже они являются (Tac. Germ. 32. Vell. Pat. 2, 108) под начальством Марбода …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Μαρκομάνοι — (Marcomanni). Αρχαία γερμανική φυλή, η ονομασία της οποίας σημαίνει άνθρωποι των συνόρων. Αρχικά ήταν εγκατεστημένοι μεταξύ των ποταμών Έλβα και Όντερ, αλλά όταν νικήθηκαν από τον Δρούσο, το 90 π.Χ., μετανάστευσαν στη σημερινή Βοημία, όπου… …   Dictionary of Greek

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