Maratha Confederacy

a loose league of states in central and western India, c1750-1818.

* * *

Maratha alliance formed in the 18th century in western India after Shivaji's Maratha kingdom collapsed under Mughal pressure.

Under Shivaji's grandson, power fell to peshwas (chief ministers) from leading Maratha families, who ruled effectively in the early 18th century but quarreled as the century waned. The confederacy fell to the British in 1818.

* * *

▪ Indian history
      alliance formed in the 18th century after Mughal pressure forced the collapse of Śivājī's kingdom of Mahārāshtra in western India. After the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's death (1707), Marāṭhā power revived under Śivājī's grandson Shāhū. He confided power to the Brahman Bhat family, who became hereditary peshwas (peshwa) (chief ministers). He also decided to expand northward with armies under the peshwas' control. In Shāhū's later years the power of the peshwas increased. After his death (1749) they became the effective rulers. The leading Marāṭhā families—Sindhia, Holkar, Bhonsle, and Gaekwaḍ (Gaekwar)—extended their conquests in northern and central India and became more independent and difficult to control.

      The effective control of the peshwas ended with the great defeat of Pānīpat (1761) at the hands of the Afghans and the death of the young peshwa Mādhav Rāo I in 1772. Thereafter the Marāṭhā state was a confederacy of five chiefs under the nominal leadership of the peshwa at Poona (Pune) in western India. Though they united on occasion, as against the British (1775–82), more often they quarreled. After he was defeated by the Holkar in 1802, the peshwa Bājī Rāo II sought protection from the British, whose intervention destroyed the confederacy by 1818. The confederacy expressed a general Marāṭhā nationalist sentiment but was divided bitterly by the jealousies of its chiefs.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maratha Confederacy — /məˌratə kənˈfɛdərəsi/ (say muh.rahtuh kuhn feduhruhsee) noun a loose league of states in central and western India, broken up in 1818 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Maratha Confederacy — a loose league of states in central and western India, c1750 1818 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Confederacy — may refer to: A Confederation, an association of sovereign states or communities. Examples include: Confederate States of America, eleven southern states of the United States of America between 1861 and 1865. Confederacy may also reference the… …   Wikipedia

  • Maratha Empire — Maratha Confederacy मराठा साम्राज्य Maratha Samrajya …   Wikipedia

  • Maratha Wars — Three conflicts between the British and the Maratha confederacy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. At the time, the confederacy controlled large portions of the Deccan and of the western coast of the Indian peninsula. The British lost the …   Universalium

  • Maratha Wars — (1775–1782, 1803–1805, 1817–1818)    Three wars of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries occasioned by the encroachment of the East India Company against the territory and authority of the Maratha Confederacy of south central India.… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Maratha — This article is about the specific Maratha caste . For the wider group of Marathi speakers, see Marathi people. A Maratha Family from Bombay (Mumbai), 1880 s The Maratha (Marathi: मराठा …   Wikipedia

  • Maratha War of Independence — The Maratha War of Independence (also termed the War of 27 years) was fought between the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire from 1681 to 1707 on the Indian subcontinent. It is the longest recorded military engagement in the history of India.… …   Wikipedia

  • Maratha-Mysore War — The Maratha Mysore War was a conflict on the Indian subcontinent between the Kingdom of Mysore and the Maratha Empire. Begun in February 1785, it ended with the signing of the Treaty of Gajendragad in April 1787. In the aftermath of the Second… …   Wikipedia

  • confederacy — /keuhn fed euhr euh see, fed reuh see/, n., pl. confederacies. 1. an alliance between persons, parties, states, etc., for some purpose. 2. a group of persons, parties, states, etc., united by such a confederacy. 3. a combination of persons for… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.