- —Mantuan, adj., n./man"chooh euh/, n.a city in E Lombardy, in N Italy: birthplace of Vergil. 65,390. Italian, Mantova /mahn"taw vah/.
* * *▪ ItalyItalian Mantovacity, Lombardia ( Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. The city is surrounded on three sides by lakes formed by the Mincio River, southwest of Verona. It originated in settlements of the Etruscans and later of the Gallic Cenomani. Roman colonization began about 220 BC, and the great Latin poet Virgil was born at nearby Andes in 70 BC. In the 11th century, Mantua became a fief of Boniface of Canossa, marquis of Tuscany. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany in 1115, the city secured a communal government, and during that period (1167) Mantua joined the Lombard League (an alliance of northern Italian towns) against the policies of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. The Bonacolsi family gained control of Mantua in 1276. In 1328 the Bonacolsi were driven out by the Gonzagas (Gonzaga Dynasty), under whom the city enjoyed a long period of political prestige and cultural splendour that endured until the 17th century. The Gonzagas' rule of Mantua ended in 1707, when the city became a fief of the Austrian Habsburgs' empire and was heavily fortified as the southwest corner of the imperial “Quadrilateral.” Napoleon took the city after a long siege in 1797, and Mantua was dominated by the French until it was returned to Austria in 1814. Mantua contributed to the cause of the Risorgimento (movement for national independence) and was joined to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.At the centre of the city stands its cathedral, which was rebuilt in the 16th century after designs by Giulio Romano. The vast ducal palace, also called the Reggia of the Gonzagas, stands opposite the cathedral. Its apartments contain many valuable works of art. The Church of San Andrea (begun 1472), which shares the privileges of the cathedral, was designed by Leon Battista Alberti (Alberti, Leon Battista). Other notable churches include the restored Rotonda of San Lorenzo (1082) and the churches of San Sebastiano (1460–70) by Alberti and of San Francesco (1304). Secular landmarks include the Castello di San Giorgio (1395–1406) by Bartolino da Novara with frescoes by Andrea Mantegna (Mantegna, Andrea); the immense ducal palace (begun c. 1290); the nearby Palace of Te (Palazzo del Te) (1525–35), designed by Romano; the 13th–15th-century Ragione Palace; and numerous other palaces and mansions. The city's cultural institutions include the Accademia Virgiliana, containing a Scientific Theatre designed by Antonio Bibiena (1769); the valuable library, founded in 1780 by the Austrian empress Maria Theresa; and the State Archives. The houses of the artists Andrea Mantegna and Giulio Romano have been preserved. In 2008 Mantua was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.Mantua's economy is primarily concerned with the processing and shipping of agricultural products. The city is a centre of road, rail, and water transportation; its industrialization increased after World War II, and the population grew rapidly. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 47,671.
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Mantua — • Diocese of Mantua (Mantuana), in Lombardy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mantua Mantua … Catholic encyclopedia
MANTUA — MANTUA, city and province in N. Italy, an important Jewish center in late medieval and modern times. History The first record of a Jewish settlement in Mantua dates from 1145, when abraham ibn ezra lived there for a while. A small Jewish… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mantua — Mantua, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 1046 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
MANTUA — urbs Transpadanae regionis clarissima, Româ 300. annis antiquior, Episcopalis sub Archiepiscopo Aquileiensi, vulgo Mantua et Mantoa Italis, Mantove Gallis. Non longe a Cremonâ abesse innuit Virg. Eclog, 9. v. 28. Mantua vae miserae nimium vicina… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Mantua, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 1046 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Mantua, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 791 Housing Units (2000): 231 Land area (2000): 4.866287 sq. miles (12.603626 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.738116 sq. miles (1.911711 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.604403 sq. miles (14.515337 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Mantua, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 7485 Housing Units (2000): 2723 Land area (2000): 2.421987 sq. miles (6.272918 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.421987 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
mantua — loose gown worn by women 17c. 18c., 1670s, from Fr. manteau cloak, mantle, from O.Fr. mantel (see MANTLE (Cf. mantle)); form influenced in English by Mantua, name of a city in Italy. Mantua maker (1690s) became the general early 19c. term for… … Etymology dictionary
Mantua — Man tu*a, n. 1. A superior kind of rich silk formerly exported from Mantua in Italy. [Obs.] Beck (Draper s Dict.). [1913 Webster] 2. A woman s cloak or mantle; also, a woman s gown. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Mantua — Mantua, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), liegt 20 m ü. M. am Mincio, der sich an der Nordseite der Stadt seeartig verbreitert (Lago Superiore, Lago di Mezzo und Lago Inferiore) und sie an der Südseite mit einem von Sümpfen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
mantua — [man′tyo͞o ə, man′to͞o ə] n. [altered (after MANTUA) < Fr manteau < OFr mantel,MANTLE] a mantle or loose gown or cloak formerly worn by women … English World dictionary