Manetho

/man"euh thoh'/, n.
fl. c250 B.C., Egyptian high priest of Heliopolis: author of a history of Egypt.

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▪ Egyptian priest and historian
flourished c. 300 BCE

      Egyptian priest who wrote a history of Egypt in Greek, probably commissioned by Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246).

      Manetho's history has not survived except for some fragments of narrative in Josephus (Josephus, Flavius)'s treatise “Against Apion” and tables of dynasties, kings, and lengths of reigns given in the works of Julius Africanus (Africanus, Sextus Julius), Eusebius (Eusebius of Caesarea), and George Syncellus. The fragments thus preserved showed that Manetho's work was based on good native sources, perhaps both oral and written. These fragments have been of much service to scholars in determining the succession of kings where the archaeological evidence was inconclusive, and Manetho's division of the rulers of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) into 30 dynasties is still used as the basic framework for ancient Egyptian history.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manetho — (or Manethon, Greek: Μανέθων, Μανέθως) was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos (ancient Egyptian: Tjebnutjer) who lived during the Ptolemaic era, approximately during the 3rd century BC. Manetho wrote the Aegyptiaca (History of… …   Wikipedia

  • Manetho — (griechisch Μανεθώς Manethôs; Μανέθων Manethon, Μανεθῶι Manethoi; altägyptisch gräzisiert zu Manethoth, Wahrheit des Thot) war ein Priester aus Sebennytos in Unterägypten, der wahrscheinlich unter den Pharaonen Ptolemaios I., Ptolemaios II. und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MANETHO° — (third century B.C.E.), Greco Egyptian historian. Manetho, native of Sebennytos, egypt , served as priest in Heliopolis. Thoroughly versed in Egyptian lore, he was also associated with the religious policy of the Ptolemaic dynasty, in particular… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MANETHO — genere Sebenhita, Heliopolitanus Sacerdos, et Notarius Sacrorum penetralium per Aegyptum, vixit sub Ptolemaeo Philadelpho paulo post Berosum. Scripsit Graece historiam Aegyptiacam, citatam Iosepho Ant. Iud. l. 1. c. 3. l. 1. contra Appion. etc.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Manetho — (eigentlich Ma n thoth, »von Thoth gegeben«), aus Sebennytos in Ägypten, Priester in Heliopolis, schrieb Mitte des 3. Jahrh. v. Chr. nach den Tempelarchiven in griechischer Sprache die Geschichte Ägyptens von den ältesten Zeiten bis Alexander in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Manetho — Manĕtho, ägypt. Priester, Tempelschreiber in Heliopolis zur Zeit der ersten Ptolemäer, schrieb unter anderm eine »Ägypt. Geschichte« in griech. Sprache. Sie ist bis auf wenige Fragmente (hg. von Unger, 1867) verloren, aber ein Auszug erhalten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Manetho — Manetho,   griechisch Manethon, ägyptischer Geschichtsschreiber des 3. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.; Priester in Heliopolis, ursprünglich aus Sebennytos (heute Samannud) im Nildelta; verfasste eine ägyptische Geschichte (bis ans Ende der 30. Dynastie,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Manetho — Historian 305 285 BC.     Manetho was an Egyptian priest who lived at the Temple of Sebennytos in the Delta. Very little is known of his life; he may have had some association with Mendes and the temple at Heliopolis. He lived during the reigns… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Manetho, S. — S. Manetho (13. Nov.), Jungfrau und Martyrin zu Scythopolis. S. S. Manatho …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • MANETHO —    an Egyptian priest and historian, of the 3rd century B.C.; wrote a history of Egypt in Greek, derived from study of sacred monumental inscriptions, which is extant only in fragments …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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