mandamus

/man day"meuhs/, n., pl. mandamuses, v. Law.
n.
1. a writ from a superior court to an inferior court or to an officer, corporation, etc., commanding that a specified thing be done.
v.t.
2. to intimidate or serve with such writ.
[ < L mandamus we command]

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law
Latinwe command

      originally a formal writ issued by the English crown commanding an official to perform a specific act within the duty of his office. It later became a judicial writ issued from the Court of Queen's Bench (Queen's Bench, Court of), in the name of the sovereign, at the request of an individual suitor whose interests were alleged to be affected adversely by the failure of an official to act as his duty required. It is awarded not as a matter of right but rather at the discretion of the court and is thus largely controlled by equitable principles. The writ is not ordinarily granted when an alternative remedy is available, and it is never granted when the official to whom it would be directed has the legal discretion either to perform the act demanded or to abstain from doing so. In Anglo-American legal systems, mandamus is used by courts of superior jurisdiction to compel the performance of a specific act refused by a lower court, such as the hearing of a case falling within the latter's authority.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mandamus — man·da·mus /man dā məs/ n [Latin, we enjoin, from mandare to enjoin]: an extraordinary writ issued by a court of competent jurisdiction to an inferior tribunal, a public official, an administrative agency, a corporation, or any person compelling… …   Law dictionary

  • Mandamus — (lat. wir ordnen an) ist ein Rechtsterminus, der eine gerichtliche Entscheidung in der Nebensache bezeichnet, also jede, meistens an einen Dritten oder an eine staatliche Stelle gerichtete Anordnung oder Verfügung, die kein Endurteil im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mandamus — (lat. wir ordnen an) ist ein Rechtsterminus, der eine gerichtliche Entscheidung in der Nebensache bezeichnet, also jede, meistens an einen Dritten oder an eine staatliche Stelle gerichtete Anordnung oder Verfügung, die kein Endurteil im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mandamus — UK US /mænˈdeɪməs/ noun [C] (plural mandamuses) ► LAW an official order from a court of law stating that a person or organization must do a particular thing: »A court may issue a writ of mandamus to force a public official to perform a mandated… …   Financial and business terms

  • Mandamus — Man*da mus, n. [L., we command, fr. mandare to command.] (Law) A writ issued by a superior court and directed to some inferior tribunal, or to some corporation or person exercising authority, commanding the performance of some specified duty.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mandāmus — (lat., »wir verordnen«), Bezeichnung für einen Befehl (injunction) des englischen Oberhofgerichts …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • mandamus — 1530s, writ from a superior court to an inferior one, specifying that something be done, (late 14c. in Anglo French), from Latin, lit. we order, first person plural pres. indicative of mandare to order (see MANDATE (Cf. mandate) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • mandamus — [man dā′məs] n. [L, we command, 1st pers. pl., pres. indic., of mandare: see MANDATE] Law a writ commanding that a specified thing be done, issued by a higher court to a lower one, or to a private or municipal corporation, government agency,… …   English World dictionary

  • Mandamus — For other uses, see Mandamus (disambiguation). Prerogative writs …   Wikipedia

  • mandamus — /maendeymas/ We command. This is the name of a writ (formerly a high prerogative writ) which issues from a court of superior jurisdiction, and is directed to a private or municipal corporation, or any of its officers, or to an executive,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • mandamus — A command by order or writ issuing from a court of law of competent jurisdiction, in the name of the state or sovereign, directed to some inferior court, tribunal, or board, or to some corporation or person, requiring the performance of a… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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