mahzor

Seph. /mahkh zohrdd"/; Ashk. /mahkh"zohrdd, -zawrdd, -zeuhrdd/, n., pl. mahzorim Seph. /mahkh zaw rddeem"/; Ashk. /mahkh zoh"rddim/, Eng. mahzors. Hebrew.
a Jewish prayer book designed for use on festivals and holy days.
Also, machzor. Cf. siddur.

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also spelled  Machzor (Hebrew: “cycle”),  plural  Mahzorim, Machzorim, Mahzors, or Machzors,  

      originally a Jewish prayer book arranged according to liturgical chronology and used throughout the entire year. Though cantors (hazzanim) still use such a book, mahzor has come to mean the festival prayer book, as distinguished from the siddur, the prayer book used on the ordinary sabbath and on weekdays.

      Though the basic structure and prayers of the Ashkenazi (German) and Sephardic (Spanish) rites are essentially the same, the mahzorim of the various rites show considerable variety, principally owing to the adoption of different religious hymns (piyyutim (piyyut)) and liturgical compositions. Piyyutim composed by such celebrated medieval poets as Eleazar Kalir abound in the Ashkenazi mahzor but do not appear in Sephardic festive liturgies, which draw on the compositions of the great Spanish poets. Local ritual differences have given rise to somewhat different mahzorim within both the Ashkenazi and the Sephardic rites.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MAḤZOR — (Heb. מַחֲזוֹר, maḥazor; cycle ), festival prayer book. The word is similar to the term Maḥzarta of the Syrian Church, which means a breviary, and was originally applied to the poetical insertions to be recited in prayers throughout the yearly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maḥzor — Mahzor Le Mahzor (hébreu מחזור, [maxzoˈr], cycle , de la racine ḥ z r retourner ) est un livre liturgique contenant les prières et les pièces liturgiques des fêtes revenant chaque année, à savoir les Jours redoutables et les Trois Fêtes de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MAHZOR — Mot hébreu qui signifie «cercle» et qui désigne les livres liturgiques contenant les prières et les pièces liturgiques des fêtes fixes et mobiles de l’année. Il se distingue du Siddur , qui contient exclusivement les prières quotidiennes. Peu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mahzor — [mäkh′zər, mäkh zôr′] n. pl. mahzors or mahzorim [mäkh zô rēm′, mäkh′zôr′im] [Yiddish makhzer < MHeb machazor, lit., cycle < root ḥzr, to return] the Jewish prayer book that contains the liturgy for festivals and holy days: cf. SIDDUR …   English World dictionary

  • Mahzor — Le Mahzor (hébreu מחזור, [maxzoˈr], cycle , de la racine ḥ z r retourner ) est un livre liturgique contenant les prières et les pièces liturgiques des fêtes revenant chaque année, à savoir les Jours redoutables et les Trois Fêtes de Pèlerinage.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mahzor — The mahzor (alternately machzor , plural mahzorim , Hebrew מחזור, pronounced|maxˈzor and IPA| [maxzoˈrim] ) is the prayer book used by Jews on the High Holidays of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. Many Jews also make use of specialized mahzorim on… …   Wikipedia

  • Mahzor — Ein Machsor oder Mahzor (hebräisch מחזור: „Wiederholung“, „Zyklus“) ist ursprünglich die (alt)jiddische Bezeichnung für den Sonnen oder Mondzyklus, seit dem 13. Jahrhundert auch für den Zyklus der besonderen jüdischen Feiertage. Im Speziellen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mahzor — mah·zor …   English syllables

  • mahzor* — mah•zor [[t]mɑxˈzoʊr[/t]] eng. [[t]ˈmɑx zər[/t]] n. pl. mah•zo•rim [[t]mɑx zɔˈrim[/t]] eng. mah•zors jud Hebrew. a Jewish prayer book designed for use on festivals and holy days …   From formal English to slang

  • mahzor — /makˈzɔ/ (say mahk zaw) noun a Hebrew prayer book containing the ritual for festivals. See siddur. {Hebrew: literally, cycle} …   Australian English dictionary

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