- /luy san"deuhr/, n.died 395 B.C., Spartan naval commander and statesman.
* * *died 395 BC, Haliartus, BoeotiaSpartan leader in the Peloponnesian War.In his first year as admiral he won the support of the Persian king Cyrus the Younger. He defeated the Athenian fleet at Notium (406), causing the dismissal of Alcibiades. In 405 he destroyed the Athenian fleet at the Battle of Aegospotami; this action closed the grain route and starved the city into surrender. Lysander installed the Thirty Tyrants and made his friends governors of Athens's former empire. He suffered a defeat when Sparta allowed the restoration of democracy in Athens (403). Having led an army of Sparta's northern allies into Boeotia, he was killed while attacking Haliartus.
* * *▪ Greek military leaderdied 395 BC, Haliartus, BoeotiaGreek military and political leader who won the final victory for Sparta in the Peloponnesian War and, at its close, wielded great power throughout Greece.Nothing is known of his early career. In his first year as admiral he won a sea battle off Notium (406) and obtained support of the Persian viceroy, Cyrus the Younger. Because Spartan law forbade a second term, Lysander nominally was second in command, though the actual Spartan leader, in the destruction of the Athenian fleet in the Battle of Aegospotami (Aegospotami, Battle of) (q.v.), September 405 BC; this action closed the grain route through the Hellespont, thereby starving Athens into surrender (April 404). Lysander instigated establishment of the oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens, and many of Athens' former allies came to be ruled by boards of 10 (decarchy) of his partisans, often reinforced with garrisons under a Spartan commander (harmost). In 403 Lysander was sent to support the Thirty at Athens against Thrasybulus' democratic revolt. He was nearly successful, but a reversal of policy in Sparta led to a settlement that allowed the restoration of democracy at Athens. This was a defeat for Lysander; his decarchies probably were abolished and most likely he suffered a political eclipse. He helped Agesilaus II succeed to the throne of Sparta in 399 but subsequently was rejected by the monarch. At the outbreak of the Corinthian War (395–387), Lysander led an army of Sparta's northern allies into Boeotia and was killed while attacking Haliartus.
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Lysander — (died 395 BC, el. Λύσανδρος , Lýsandros) was a Spartan General and the commander of the Spartan fleet in the Hellespont which was victorious against the Athenians at Aegospotami in 405 BC. The following year, he was able to force the Athenian… … Wikipedia
Lysander — Pueblo de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
LYSANDER — Dux Lacedaemonius invictissimus, cuius Darii Nothi opibus subnixi ductu, Athenienses cum Duce Conone navali pugnâ cladem accepêrunt; Ex quo Athenae semidirutae impositum. que iugum 30. tyrannorum fuit. Dein Samo captâ, domum reversus, Heraclidis… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Lysander — Lysander, Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt in der Grafschaft Onondaga im Staate New York (Nordamerika), an den Oswego u. Seneca Rivers; 6000 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Lysánder — (grch. Lysandros), spartan. Feldherr und Staatsmann, schlug 407 v. Chr. die athen. Flotte bei Notion, entschied durch ihre Vernichtung bei Ägospotamos 405 den Peloponnes. Krieg und eroberte Athen, fiel im Böot. Kriege 395 bei Haliartus … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Lysander — Lysander, spartan. Feldherr u. ausgezeichneter Diplomat, beendigte durch seinen Sieg bei Aegospotamoi 407 den peloponnes. Krieg, fiel 394 v. Chr. bei Haliartos in Böotien … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Lysander — masc. proper name, from Gk. Lysandros, lit. releasing men, from comb. form of lyein to release (see LOSE (Cf. lose)) + andros man (see ANTHROPO (Cf. anthropo )) … Etymology dictionary
Lysander — [lī san′dər] died 395 B.C.; Spartan naval and military commander … English World dictionary
Lysander — Büste des Lysander in der Carlsberg Glyptotek, Kopenhagen Lysander (griechisch Lysandros (Λύσανδρος); † 395 v. Chr. bei Haliartos) war ein spartanischer Staatsmann und Feldherr, der im Peloponnesischen Krieg und im Korinthischen Krieg wirkte.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lysander — Lysạnder, griechisch Lỵsandros, spartanischer Feldherr und Staatsmann, ✝ bei Haliartos (Böotien) 395 v. Chr.; beendete durch seinen Seesieg bei Aigospotamoi (405 v. Chr.) und die Einnahme Athens (404) den Peloponnesischen Krieg. Lysander… … Universal-Lexikon