lycopene

/luy"keuh peen'/, n. Biochem.
a red crystalline substance, C40H56, that is the main pigment of certain fruits, as the tomato and paprika, and is a precursor to carotene in plant biosynthesis.
[1925-30; earlier lycop(in) ( < NL Lycop(ersicon) tomato genus ( < Gk lýk(os) WOLF + -o- -O- + Persikón PEACH1) + -IN2) + -ENE]

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      an organic compound belonging to the isoprenoid series and responsible for the red colour of the tomato, the hips and haws of the wild rose, and many other fruits. Lycopene is an isomer of the carotenes, the yellow colouring matter, both having the same molecular formula, C40H56, but differing in structure. Lycopene was isolated from the black bryony (Tamus communis), a European yam, in 1873, and from tomatoes in 1875.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lycopène — Général Synonymes C.I. 75125 No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lycopene — Lycopène Lycopène Général Synonymes C.I. 75125 No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lycopène — ● lycopène nom masculin Pigment caroténoïde rouge de la tomate …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lycopene — [lī′kō pēn΄] n. Biochem. a red, crystalline, carotenoid pigment, C40H56, that acts as an antioxidant: it is the red color in tomatoes …   English World dictionary

  • Lycopene — chembox ImageFile = Lycopene.svg ImageSize = 250px ImageFile1 = Lycopene3D.png ImageSize1 = 250px ImageFile2 = Lycopene powder.jpg ImageSize2 = 250px IUPACName = ( 6E,8E,10E,12E,14E,16E,18E,20E, 22E,24E,26E ) 2,6,10,14,19,23,27,31… …   Wikipedia

  • Lycopene — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Lycopin Andere Namen ψ,ψ Carotin C.I. 75125 C.I. Natural yellow 27 E 160d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lycopene — мед. ликопен (lycopene)  Это красный пигмент, содержащийся в помидорах. Мощный антиоксидант.  В качестве антиоксиданта обладает силой, в 10 раз большей, чем бета каротин. Исследования также показывают, что он эффективно защищает от рака простаты …   Универсальный дополнительный практический толковый словарь И. Мостицкого

  • lycopene — likopenas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Raudonas pomidorų pigmentas, karotenoidas. atitikmenys: angl. lycopene rus. ликопен …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • lycopene — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary lycop (from New Latin Lycopersicon, genus of herbs) + ene Date: circa 1929 a carotenoid pigment C40H56 that is the red coloring matter of the tomato …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lycopene — A linear, unsaturated hydrocarbon carotenoid (536 D) ; the major red pigment in some fruit …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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