Lycia

/lish"ee euh/, n.
an ancient country in SW Asia Minor: later a Roman province.

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Ancient district, southwestern Anatolia.

Located along the Mediterranean Sea coast in present-day Turkey, in ancient times it was situated between the regions of Caria and Pamphylia. By the 8th century BC it was a thriving maritime country. It later fell to king Cyrus II of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty. Annexed to Roman Pamphylia in AD 43, after the 4th century it became a separate Roman province.

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▪ ancient district, Turkey
      ancient maritime district of southwestern Anatolia (now Turkey). Lycia lay along the Mediterranean coast between Caria and Pamphylia, and extended inland to the ridge of the Taurus Mountains. In Egyptian, Hittite, and Ugaritic records of the 14th and 13th centuries BC, the Lycians are described as wedged between the Hittites on the north and the Achaean Greeks on the coast. Known as Luka, they participated in the Sea Peoples' (Sea People) attempt to invade Egypt in the late 13th century. Nothing more is known of the Lycians until the 8th century BC, when they reappear as a thriving maritime people confederated in at least a score of cities that made up the Lycian League. Neither Phrygia nor Lydia were able to bring Lycia under its control, but the country eventually fell to Cyrus' general Harpagus after a heroic resistance. Under Achaemenian Persia and later under the rule of the Romans, Lycia enjoyed relative freedom and was able to preserve its federal institutions until the time of Augustus. It was annexed to Roman Pamphylia in AD 43 and became a separate Roman province after the 4th century. Archaeological discoveries made on sites at Xanthus, Patara, Myra, and other of its cities have revealed a distinctive type of funerary architecture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • LYCIA — reg. min. Asiae inter Pamphyliam, et Cariam: Mylias alias, et ogygia Steph. qui incolas Tremilos dictos scribit. Unde Trimilis reg. apud liberalem. Aliis Mylias fuit eius pars Bor. olim (si poetarum fabulis credimus) chimaerae monstri ignibus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lycĭa — Lycĭa, Stadt, s. Lecce …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lycia — [lish′ə, lish′ē ə] ancient country in SW Asia Minor, on the Mediterranean: settled in early times; came under Persian and Syrian rule; annexed as a province by Rome (1st cent. A.D. ) …   English World dictionary

  • Lycia — For other uses, see Lycia (disambiguation). Sidyma redirects here. For the moth genus named, see Sidyma (moth). Lycia (Λυκία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Lycian rock cut tombs of Dalyan …   Wikipedia

  • Lycia — Lycia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lycia — At the port of Patara on the Lycian coast, Paul and his companions embarked on a different ship en route for Jerusalem (Acts 21:2), and also at Myra in Lycia en route to Rome (Acts 27:5). Lycia had become a Roman province in 43 CE, but in 74 CE… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Lycia —    Region in southwestern Asia Minor (q.v.); part of the theme of Kibyrrhaiotai (qq.v.). Its metropolis (q.v.) was the city of Myra, on the main maritime Aegean (q.v.) route from Egypt to Italy (qq.v.). Among Lycia s most impressive ruined… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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