Luzhou

/lyuu"joh"/, n. Pinyin.
a city in S Sichuan province, in central China, on the Chang Jiang. 225,000.
Also, Luchou, Luchow. Formerly, Luxian.

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▪ Sichuan province, China

      city, southern Sichuan sheng (province), China. Luzhou is a river port at the junction of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and the Tuo River. Its communications were further improved during World War II, when a highway was built south across the mountains to Kunming in Yunnan province (Yunnan) to connect Sichuan to the Burma Road. Luzhou, although an ancient city, remained for a long time essentially a river port.

      The first county there, Jiangyang, was founded in the 2nd century BCE and became the seat of a commandery in 25 CE. Under the Sui dynasty (581–618) the county was renamed Luchuan and became the seat of Lu prefecture. This name was kept until 1912, when it became Lu county. Until the completion of the Chengdu-Neijiang-Chongqing-Yibin rail network in the mid-1950s, which bypassed the city, Luzhou was the main port outlet for such commodities as the salt and chemicals of Zigong, the sugar of Neijiang, and the agricultural goods of the region to the north. It was also a transshipment place for grain, tea, tobacco, hides, and meat from northern Yunnan. The completion of the railway has, however, taken away some of its former trade, which now goes directly to Chongqing by rail, while much of the export trade from Neijiang has been diverted to Yibin.

      Luzhou's economic decline of the 1950s and '60s, however, turned around dramatically in the 1980s. A railway was built connecting the city with a major line between Chengdu (the provincial capital) and Chongqing, and an expressway linking the city with Chengdu and Chongqing was also completed. While remaining a major market and commercial centre for the densely peopled and fertile plain of the lower Tuo River, Luzhou also has developed industries manufacturing machines and fertilizers. It is also notable for its liquor distilleries, the products of which are known throughout China. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 404,626; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,537,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luzhou — Lúzhōu · 泸州 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luzhou —   [ludʒɔʊ], früherer Name der Stadt Hefei, China …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Luzhou — [lo͞o′jō′] city in Sichuan province, SC China, on the Chang: pop. 303,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Luzhou — Infobox City official name = Luzhou native name = 泸州 subdivision type = Country subdivision name = China subdivision type1 = Province subdivision name1 = Sichuan area total km2 = 12247 population total = 4.8 million population as of = 2005 latd …   Wikipedia

  • Luzhou — Lage von Luzhou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luzhou — 泸州市 Luzhou …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luzhou — 1 Original name in latin Luzhou Name in other language Khehfehj, LZO, Lu, Lu chou, Lu chou shih, Lu hsien, Luchow, Luzhou, lu zhou, Хэфэй State code CN Continent/City Asia/Chongqing longitude 28.8903 latitude 105.42575 altitude 256 Population 0… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • lǜzhōu — [ref dict= Universal (Ch Ru) ]绿洲[/ref] …   Chinese phonetic list

  • Luzhou — Lu•zhou or Luchow [[t]ˈluˈdʒoʊ[/t]] n. geg a city in S Sichuan province, in central China, on the Chang Jiang. 360,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Luzhou — /lyuu joh /, n. Pinyin. a city in S Sichuan province, in central China, on the Chang Jiang. 225,000. Also, Luchou, Luchow. Formerly, Luxian …   Useful english dictionary

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