Lucius III

(Ubaldo Allucingoli) died 1185, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1181-85.

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pope
original name Ubaldo Allucingoli
born 1097?, Lucca, Tuscany
died Nov. 25, 1185, Verona

      pope from 1181 to 1185.

      A Cistercian monk whom Pope Innocent II had made cardinal in 1141, Lucius was bishop of Ostia (consecrated 1159) and papal counsellor when elected on Sept. 1, 1181, to succeed Alexander III. As pope, Lucius was forced to leave Rome because the Romans had earlier declared their city a republic free from papal interference.

      At the Synod of Verona in 1184, Lucius, in agreement with the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, decreed the excommunication of heretics and their protectors; after ecclesiastical trial, heretics who refused to recant were transferred to civil authorities for punishment—usually death by burning. Lucius' synod activated the strict decrees of the third Lateran Council (1179); founded the medieval Inquisition to repress and punish heretics; and instigated the church's attack against the Cathari, a heretical sect that held that good and evil had separate creators. Apart from Frederick's promise to renew the Crusades, relations between Emperor and Pope were strained.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucius III — Lucius III. Abbildung aus dem Liber ad honorem Augusti des Petrus de Ebulo, 1196 Lucius III. (eigentlich Ubaldo Allucingoli; * 1097 (?) in Lucca; † 25. November 1185 in Verona) war vom 1. September 1181 bis zu seinem Tode Papst. Sein Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucius III. — Lucius III. Abbildung aus dem Liber ad honorem Augusti des Petrus de Ebulo, 1196 Lucius III. (eigentlich Ubaldo Allucingoli; * 1097 (?) in Lucca; † 25. November 1185 in Verona) war vom 1. September 1181 bis zu seinem Tode Papst. Sein Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucius III —     Pope Lucius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius III     (Ubaldo Allucingoli)     Born at Lucca, unknown date; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lucius III — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Ubaldo Allucingoli Naissance date inconnu Lucques Élection au pontificat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucius III — (Ubaldo Allucingoli) died 1185, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1181 85 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lucius III, Pope — • Died 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and afterwards sent him as legate to France Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Liste der Kardinalskreierungen Lucius’ III. — Papst Lucius III. hat im Verlauf seines Pontifikates (1181–1185) die Kreierung von 15 Kardinälen vorgenommen[1]. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Konsistorien 1.1 21. Mai 1182[2] 1.2 17. Dezember 1182[5] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pope Lucius III —     Pope Lucius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius III     (Ubaldo Allucingoli)     Born at Lucca, unknown date; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Lucius III — Infobox Pope English name=Lucius III birth name=Ubaldo Allucingoli term start=September 1, 1181 term end=November 25, 1185 predecessor=Alexander III successor=Urban III birth date=1097 birthplace= Lucca, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des cardinaux créés par Lucius III — Le pape Lucius III (1181 1185) a créé 17 cardinaux dans 5 consistoires. Sommaire 1 Décembre 1181 2 Début de 1182 3 Mi 1182 4 Décembre 1182 …   Wikipédia en Français

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