—loyalism, n./loy"euh list/, n.1. a person who is loyal; a supporter of the sovereign or of the existing government, esp. in time of revolt.2. (sometimes cap.) a person who remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution; Tory.3. (cap.) an adherent of the republic during the Spanish Civil War, opposed to Franco.[1640-50; LOYAL + -IST]
* * *American colonist loyal to Britain in the American Revolution.About one-third of American colonists were loyalists, including officeholders who served the British crown, large landholders, wealthy merchants, Anglican clergy and their parishioners, and Quakers. Loyalists were most numerous in the South, New York, and Pennsylvania, but they did not constitute a majority in any colony. At first they urged moderation in the struggle for colonial rights; when denounced by radical patriots, they became active partisans. Some joined the British army, including 23,000 from New York; when captured in battle, they were treated as traitors. All states passed laws against them, confiscating or heavily taxing their property. Beginning in 1776, about 100,000 loyalists fled into exile, many to Canada. Public sentiment against them diminished after 1789, and punitive state laws were repealed by 1814.
* * *▪ United States historyalso called Torycolonist loyal to Great Britain during the American Revolution. Loyalists constituted about one-third of the population of the American colonies during that conflict. They were not confined to any particular group or class, but their numbers were strongest among the following groups: officeholders and others who served the British crown and had a vested interest in upholding its authority; Anglican clergymen and their parishioners in the North, who had likewise taken vows of allegiance and obedience to the king; Quakers, members of German religious sects, and other conscientious pacifists; and large landholders, especially in the North, and wealthy merchant groups in the cities whose businesses and property were affected by the war. The most common trait among all loyalists was an innate conservatism coupled with a deep devotion to the mother country and the crown. Many loyalists at first urged moderation in the struggle for colonial rights and were only driven into active loyalism by radical fellow colonists who denounced as Tories all who would not join them. Loyalists were most numerous in the South, New York, and Pennsylvania, but they did not constitute a majority in any colony. New York was their stronghold and had more than any other colony. New England had fewer loyalists than any other section.The loyalists did not rise as a body to support the British army, but individuals did join the army or form their own guerrilla units. New York alone furnished about 23,000 loyalist troops, perhaps as many as all the other colonies combined. The loyalist fighters aroused a vengeful hatred among the patriots (as the American Revolutionaries (American Revolution) called themselves), and when taken in battle they were treated as traitors. George Washington (Washington, George) detested them, saying as early as 1776 that “they were even higher and more insulting in their opposition than the regulars.”Congress recommended repressive measures against the loyalists, and all states passed severe laws against them, usually forbidding them from holding office, disenfranchising them, and confiscating or heavily taxing their property. Beginning in March 1776, approximately 100,000 loyalists fled into exile. (This was between 3 and 4 percent of the total number of settlers in the colonies, which is estimated at 2,500,000–3,000,000 during the Revolutionary period.) The largest portion of those who fled ultimately went to Canada, where the British government provided them with asylum and offered some compensation for losses in property and income; those who met certain criteria (based, in part, on when they left America and their contribution to the British war effort) were known as United Empire Loyalists in Canada. Public sentiment in the United States against the loyalists died down significantly after government began under the new U.S. Constitution in 1789. In fact, one member of the Constitutional Convention, William Johnson of Connecticut, had been a loyalist. The remaining state laws against them were repealed after the War of 1812.
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Loyalist — n 1.) a Protestant in Northern Ireland who believes that it should remain part of the UK. The people who want Northern Ireland to become part of the Republic of Ireland are called Republicans or Nationalists . 2.) someone who was loyal to the… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Loyalist — steht für in der Politik: eine Person, die einer amtierenden Regierung, politischen Partei oder anderen Autorität loyal die Treue hält, insbesondere in Zeiten von Krisen oder kriegerischer Auseinandersetzungen. Im Besonderen werden darunter… … Deutsch Wikipedia
loyalist — ► NOUN 1) a person who remains loyal to the established ruler or government. 2) (Loyalist) a supporter of union between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. DERIVATIVES loyalism noun … English terms dictionary
Loyalist — Loy al*ist, n. A person who adheres to his sovereign or to the lawful authority; especially, one who maintains his allegiance to his prince or government, and defends his cause in times of revolt or revolution. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
loyalist — index disciple Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
loyalist — (n.) 1680s, from LOYAL (Cf. loyal) + IST (Cf. ist). Meaning different persons in different times and places … Etymology dictionary
loyalist — [loi′əlist] n. 1. a person who is loyal; esp., one who supports the country s established government during times of revolt ☆ 2. [usually L ] in the American Revolution, a colonist who was loyal to the British government 3. [L ] in the Spanish… … English World dictionary
Loyalist — In general, a loyalist is one who maintains loyalty to an established government, political party, or sovereign, especially during war or revolutionary change. In modern English usage, the most common application is to loyalty to the British… … Wikipedia
loyalist — UK [ˈlɔɪəlɪst] / US noun [countable] Word forms loyalist : singular loyalist plural loyalists someone who supports their government, especially during a revolution a true loyalist … English dictionary
loyalist — loy|al|ist [ˈlɔıəlıst] n 1.) someone who continues to support a government or country, especially during a period of change 2.) Loyalist someone from Northern Ireland who believes that Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom,… … Dictionary of contemporary English