loach

/lohch/, n.
any of several slender European and Asian fishes of the family Cobitidae and related families, having several barbels around the mouth.
[1325-75; ME loche < MF]

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fish
 any of the small, generally elongated freshwater fishes of the family Cobitidae. More than 200 species are known; most are native to central and southern Asia, but three are found in Europe and one in northern Africa. A typical loach has very small scales and three to six pairs of whiskerlike barbels around its mouth. In some species, such as the spined loach (Cobitis taenia) of Eurasia, there is also a short, movable spine near each eye.

      Loaches are hardy, usually nocturnal fishes that inhabit both still and flowing waters. They use their barbels to comb the bottom for worms, insect larvae, and other food. In low and stagnant ponds, they may swallow air at the surface, their intestines then absorbing the oxygen and thus aiding respiration.

      Several Asian loaches are popular aquarium fishes. Among these are the clown loach (Botia macracanthus), an orange fish about 13–30 centimetres (5–12 inches) long and marked with three vertical black bands, and the kuhli loach (Pangio kuhlii), a pinkish, eel-like species about 8 centimetres long, marked with many vertical black bands. Other loaches include the stone (Nemachilus barbatula) and spined loaches, both mottled, yellow and brown fishes about 13 centimetres long found in Europe and northern Asia. The European weatherfish (Misgurnus fossilis) is a yellowish fish about 25 centimetres long, banded and speckled with brown; like the similar Japanese weatherfish (M. anguillicaudatus), it is named for its heightened activity during periods of rapid change in barometric pressure, such as occur before a storm.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LOACH (K.) — LOACH KEN (1936 ) Ken Loach est à la fois exemplaire de la situation que connaît le cinéma britannique depuis le milieu des années 1960 et un cas particulier. Dans un cinéma qu’on qualifie volontiers de «colonisé», il maintient une tradition… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Loach — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Keith Loach (* 1975), kanadischer Skeletonpilot Ken Loach (* 1936), britischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor Lonnie Loach (* 1968), kanadischer Eishockeyspieler und trainer Mike Loach (* 1976),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loach — may refer to:* Loaches, fish families in the Cypriniformes: ** Cobitidae, the true loaches ndash; formerly all loaches were united in this family ** Balitoridae, the hillstream loaches ndash; the largest family, closely related to Cobitidae **… …   Wikipedia

  • Loach — (l[=o]ch), n. [OE. loche, F. loche.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several small, fresh water, cyprinoid fishes of the genera {Cobitis}, {Nemachilus}, and allied genera, having six or more barbules around the mouth. They are found in Europe and Asia. The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Loach —   [ləʊtʃ], Ken[neth], britischer Filmregisseur, * Nuneaton 17. 6. 1936; wurde durch Fernseharbeiten bekannt, ab 1967 durch sozialkritisch stark engagierte Spielfilme.   Filme: Poor Cow. .. (1967); Kes (1969); Family life (1971); Black Jack. ..… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • loach — (n.) small edible European fish, mid 14c., from O.Fr. loche (13c.), also, in dialect, slug, of unknown origin (see discussion in Gamillscheg) …   Etymology dictionary

  • loach — ► NOUN ▪ a small, elongated freshwater fish with several barbels near the mouth. ORIGIN Old French loche …   English terms dictionary

  • loach — [lōch] n. [ME loche < OFr] any of a family (Cobitidae, order Cypriniformes) of small, bottom dwelling, freshwater, bony fishes with barbels around the mouth …   English World dictionary

  • Loach — Ken Loach Ken Loach Ken Loach Nom de naissance Kenneth Loach Naissance 17 juin 1936 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Loach — This very unusual and interesting surname, is generally accepted as being English and specifically from the Midlands. It is certainly a midlands surname, but its origins are in fact French! It derives from loche , and old French word which… …   Surnames reference

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