- /luyv"stok'/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.)the horses, cattle, sheep, and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch.[1650-60; LIVE2 + STOCK]
* * *Farm animals, with the exception of poultry.In Western countries the category encompasses primarily cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, donkeys, and mules; other animals (e.g., buffalo, oxen, or camels) may predominate in other areas. See also ass, cow, dairy farming.
* * *farm animals, with the exception of poultry. In Western countries the category encompasses primarily cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, donkeys, and mules; other animals, such as buffalo, oxen, or camels, may predominate in the agriculture of other areas.A brief treatment of livestock follows. For information on individual species, see cattle, cow, donkey, goat, horse, pig, and sheep.Cattle (genus Bos) make up the largest livestock group worldwide. Among those prominent in beef production are Hereford, Shorthorn, and Angus. The chief dairy cattle breeds are Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss, Ayrshire, Jersey, and Guernsey. Cattle feed primarily on pasture by grazing, but in modern farming their diet is ordinarily supplemented with prepared animal feeds. Cattle are sometimes used as draft animals, particularly in small-scale farming and in less developed regions.Sheep (genus Ovis) were among the first animals to be domesticated, perhaps as early as 10,000 BCE. Some 200 breeds are recognized. Closely related to goats, sheep are raised primarily for the fleece or wool of their coats, for meat (mutton and lamb), and, to a lesser degree, for milk. Like cattle, sheep graze for their food, eating both short, fine grasses and coarse, brushy weeds.Pigs, or domestic swine (family Suidae), have been raised for their meat (pork) since ancient times. There are more than 300 breeds worldwide. In the United States, the term hog is used for swine weighing more than 120 pounds (50 kilograms), and the animals, regardless of breed, are classified for marketing purposes as lard, bacon, or pork types, the lard types being the heaviest. Corn is usually the basic feed for pigs, although wheat, sorghum, oats, and barley are often included in their diet.Goats (genus Capra) are raised for their milk and its by-products and for meat, hides, and wool. The numerous breeds comprise three major groups: the prick-eared (e.g., Swiss); the eastern (e.g., Nubian); and the wool (e.g., Angora (Angora goat) [mohair] and Cashmere). Goats eat pasture grass, alfalfa or other hays, and feeds made from grain.Horses (genus Equus), first intensively domesticated in Central Asia, are bred not only as livestock but also for riding, show, and racing. As livestock, horses are used for farm work or for riding, the latter especially on large cattle ranches. The numerous breeds may be classified according to place of origin (e.g., Clydesdale, Arabian (Arabian horse)), by their principal use (e.g., riding, draft), or by outward appearance (light, heavy, pony). Horses feed on grass and other pasture growths, and their diets are usually supplemented with hays, grain (primarily oats), and other nutritive feeds.Donkeys, also called asses, and mules, the hybrids formed by crossbreeding a jackass and a female horse, are used as work animals on many farms. Sure-footed and strong, they are often employed as saddle mounts as well. See also poultry.
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livestock — live‧stock [ˈlaɪvstɒk ǁ stɑːk] noun [uncountable] FARMING animals that are kept as a business, to make profit: • Grain and livestock markets are quite strong at the moment. * * * livestock UK US /ˈlaɪvstɒk/ noun [U] ► animals such as cows, sheep … Financial and business terms
livestock — 1. any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skins or fur or for the purpose of its use in the farming of land or the carrying on of any agricultural activity: Agricultural Holdings Act 1986. 2. cattle, horses, asses, mules, hinnies,… … Law dictionary
livestock — 1520s, from LIVE (Cf. live) (adj.) + STOCK (Cf. stock) (n.2) … Etymology dictionary
livestock — ► NOUN ▪ farm animals regarded as an asset … English terms dictionary
livestock — [līv′stäk΄] n. domestic animals kept for use on a farm and raised for sale and profit … English World dictionary
Livestock — For other uses, see Livestock (disambiguation). Domestic sheep and a cow (heifer) pastured together in South Africa Livestock refers to one or more domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fiber… … Wikipedia
livestock — n. to graze livestock * * * [ laɪvstɒk] to graze livestock … Combinatory dictionary
livestock — [[t]la͟ɪvstɒk[/t]] N UNCOUNT COLL Animals such as cattle and sheep which are kept on a farm are referred to as livestock. The heavy rains and flooding killed scores of livestock … English dictionary
livestock — noun Livestock is used before these nouns: ↑breeding, ↑farm, ↑farmer, ↑farming, ↑manure, ↑producer, ↑production, ↑waste … Collocations dictionary
livestock — gyvulys statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Stambus naminis žinduolis, taip pat šuo, katė. atitikmenys: angl. cattle; livestock vok. Vieh, n rus. домашний скот, m … Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas