literati

/lit'euh rah"tee, -ray"-/, n.pl., sing. literatus /-rah"teuhs, -ray"-/.
persons of scholarly or literary attainments; intellectuals.
[1615-25; < L literati learned, scholarly people, n. use of pl. of LITERATUS. See LITERATE]

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Scholars in China and Japan whose poetry, calligraphy, and paintings were supposed primarily to reveal their cultivation and express their personal feelings rather than demonstrate professional skill.

The concept of literati painters was first formulated in China in the Northern Song dynasty but was enduringly codified in the Ming dynasty by Dong Qichang. In the 18th–19th century, literati painting became popular with the Japanese, who exaggerated elements of Chinese composition and brushwork. See also Ike no Taiga.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Literati — may refer to: *Intellectuals *The scholar bureaucrats or literati of imperial China **Literati painting, also known as the Southern School of painting, developed by Chinese literati **The literati style of bonsai, consisting of thin, elegant… …   Wikipedia

  • Literati — Lit e*ra ti (l[i^]t [ e]*r[aum] t[=e]; l[i^]t [ e]*r[=a] t[imac]), n. pl. [See {Literatus}.] Learned or literary men. See {Literatus}. [1913 Webster] Shakespearean commentators, and other literati. Craik. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • literati — (n.) men and women of letters; the learned class as a whole, 1620s, from L. literati/litterati, plural of literatus/litteratus lettered (see LITERATE (Cf. literate)). The proper singular would be literatus, though It. literato (1704) sometimes is …   Etymology dictionary

  • literati — index faculty (teaching staff) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • LITERATI — Loitiae et Mandarini, Secta Philosophorum Sinensium, qui sub Rege absolute imperant. Vide Confutius …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • literati — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ educated people who are interested in literature. ORIGIN Latin, plural of literatus acquainted with letters …   English terms dictionary

  • literati — [lit΄ə rät′ē; ] occas. [, lit΄ərā′tī΄] pl.n. [It < L litterati, learned, pl. of litteratus: see LITERATE] 1. men of letters 2. scholarly or learned people …   English World dictionary

  • Literati — Peinture literati Dong Qichang : Pavillon de chaume de Wanluan La peinture literati (文人画, pinyin : wenrenhua), ou peinture de lettrés, est un style de peinture chinois très ancien, mais qui se stabilisa dès la fin de la dynastie Yuan… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • literati — [[t]lɪ̱tərɑ͟ːti[/t]] N PLURAL (disapproval) Literati are well educated people who are interested in literature. That Walter Scott was a fervent Tory is something of an embarrassment to the leftist literati …   English dictionary

  • Literati — Literatus Lit e*ra tus (l[i^]t [ e]*r[aum] t[u^]s; l[i^]t [ e]*r[=a] t[u^]s), n.; pl. {Literati} (l[i^]t [ e]*r[aum] t[=e]; l[i^]t [ e]*r[=a] t[imac]). [L. litteratus, literatus.] A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; chiefly used in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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