- /ling gah"yit/, n. Hinduism.a member of the Lingayata cult.[1665-75; < Kannada lingayata; see LINGA]
* * *Member of a Hindu sect that worships Shiva as the only deity.It has a wide following in southern India. Its followers take their name ("linga-wearers") from the small lingas that both men and women wear on a cord around the neck. The Lingayats' belief in a single deity and their concept of bhakti (devotion) as an intuitive and loving knowledge of God show the influence of Ramanuja. They reject Brahma and the authority of the Vedas; their opposition to child marriage and the ill-treatment of widows anticipated the social reform movements of the 19th century.
* * *▪ Hindu sectalso called Vīraśaivamember of a Hindu sect with a wide following in South India that worships Śiva (Shiva) as the only deity. The followers take their name (“liṅga (linga)-wearers”) from the small representations of a liṅga, a phallic figure symbolizing Śiva, which both the men and women always wear hanging by a cord around their necks, in place of the sacred thread worn by most orthodox upper caste Hindu men.The sect is generally regarded as having been founded by Basava in the 12th century, but some scholars believe that he furthered an already existing creed. Philosophically, their qualified spiritual monism and their conception of bhakti (devotion) as an intuitive and loving knowledge of God show the influence of the 11th/12th-century thinker Rāmānuja. It is in their cult and social observances that their split with orthodoxy is most apparent.The Liṅgāyats' earlier overthrow of caste distinctions has been modified in modern times, but the sect continues to be strongly anti-Brahmanical and opposed to worship of any image other than the liṅga. In their rejection of the authority of the Vedas, the doctrine of transmigration of souls, child marriage, and ill treatment of widows, they anticipated much of the viewpoint of the social-reform movements of the 19th century.
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Lingayat — noun Etymology: Kannada lingāyata Date: 1901 a member of a Saiva sect of southern India marked by wearing of the lingam and characterized by denial of caste distinctions … New Collegiate Dictionary
lingayat — Miembro de una secta hindú que adora a Shiva como la única deidad. Tiene muchos seguidores en el sur de India. Reciben ese nombre ( portadores de linga) por los pequeños lingas que tanto hombres como mujeres se cuelgan del cuello. Su creencia en… … Enciclopedia Universal
lingayat — lin·ga·yat … English syllables
lingayat — … Useful english dictionary
Lingayat sect — See Virashaivas … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Karnatak Lingayat Education Society — was founded in 1916 by seven educated youth with the objective of bringing education to the Kannada speaking region of the erstwhile Bombay Presidency and what is today the North Karnataka region. The founder life members of the KLE Society are:… … Wikipedia
Lingayatism — or Veerashaivism is a Hindu religious sect in India but a Dharma. The adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats or Veerashaivas . The term is derived from Lingavantha in Kannada. This became more prominent after a reform movement attributed… … Wikipedia
History of Lingayatism — The history of the Lingayat faith goes back to the Basavanna(1134 1196 AD) of the 12th century. It is said that Basavanna, though born a Brahmin rebelled against the rigid practices of the caste system then prevalent and eventually began… … Wikipedia
Medieval Kannada literature — covered a wide range of subjects and genres which can broadly be classified under the Jain, Virashaiva, Vaishnava and secular traditions. These include writings from the 7th century rise of the Badami Chalukya empire to the 16th century,… … Wikipedia
Basava — ▪ Hindu religious leader flourished 12th century, South India Hindu religious reformer, teacher, theologian, and administrator of the royal treasury of the Calukya king Bijjala I (reigned 1156–67). Basava is the subject of the Basava Purana … Universalium