likin

/lee"keen"/, n.
(formerly in China) a provincial duty imposed on articles of trade that are in transit.
[1875-80; < earlier or dial. Chin, for Chin líjin (.001 ounce + jin money)]

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▪ Chinese tax
Chinese (Pinyin)  Lijin  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)   Li-chin 

      special tax paid by merchants and traders in mid-19th-century China. Likin (“a tax of one-thousandth”) was levied on goods in transit or as a sales tax in shops where goods were sold.

      The tax originated in 1853 in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu as a method of financing troops to aid in suppressing the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64). With the great volume of trade carried on in China after the opening of the country to the industrial West in the second half of the 19th century, it generated considerable revenue, and by 1860 the likin had spread to virtually every province in China. Within a few years the central government began to demand that a portion of the likin revenues be made available to the imperial treasury, and it soon became one of the major financial supports of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12), relieving some of the burden on the overtaxed peasantry.

      The tax was a constant source of contention with Western trading countries, which resented the petty levies their goods were subjected to in the interior of China because of the likin. In 1931 China abolished the likin in return for the restoration of tariff autonomy, which had been taken from China by the Unequal Treaties signed in the 19th century after the Opium Wars.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Likin — Li kin , n. [Written also {lekin}.] [ Chin. li kin; li the thousandth part of a tael + kin money.] A Chinese provincial tax levied at many inland stations upon imports or articles in transit. [1913 Webster] Likin, which used to be regarded as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Likin — Likin, der chinesische Binnenlandzoll …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • -lıkın — ( likin) ile anlamına ek II, 91 …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • likin — li·kin …   English syllables

  • -līkīn — s. līkī ; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • LÎKİN — f. Lâkin, eğer, amma, fakat …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • likin — …   Useful english dictionary

  • lekin — Likin Li kin , n. [Written also {lekin}.] [ Chin. li kin; li the thousandth part of a tael + kin money.] A Chinese provincial tax levied at many inland stations upon imports or articles in transit. [1913 Webster] Likin, which used to be regarded… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lijin — The lijin or likin (Chinese: 厘金 líjīn ) was a form of local taxation in China, which was first introduced as a means of financing the largely locally recruited armies to suppress the Taiping Rebellion.The likin tax was first introduced in 1853 by …   Wikipedia

  • Lijin (Steuerwesen) — Der Lijin oder Likin : 厘金 líjīn) war eine Art Binnensteuer in China, der zunächst als ein Instrument der Finanzierung der größtenteils lokal ausgehobenen Heere eingeführt wurde, um den Taiping Aufstand zu unterdrücken. Die Likin Steuer wurde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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