Liguria

/li gyoor"ee euh/, n.
a region in NW Italy. 1,881,982; 2099 sq. mi. (5435 sq. km).

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Region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 1,560,748), northwestern Italy.

Covering 2,092 sq mi (5,418 sq km) and located on the Ligurian Sea between France and Tuscany, it has its capital at Genoa. Under Roman rule from the 1st century BC, the region was briefly controlled by the Lombards and Franks during the Middle Ages. The city of Genoa emerged as a leading power as early as the 11th century, and by 1400 the entire region benefited from its maritime and commercial powers. In 1815 the Congress of Vienna gave Liguria to the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. It contributed significantly to the union of Italy in 1861. Its economy is based on agriculture, tourism, and industries centred on its major cities, including Genoa. La Spezia is a major naval base.

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      the third smallest of the regioni of Italy, bordering the Ligurian Sea, in the northwestern part of the country. It comprises the provincie of Genoa, Imperia, La Spezia, and Savona.

      Shaped like a crescent reaching from the mouth of the Roia River to that of the Magra and from the French frontier to Tuscany, Liguria is dominated by the Maritime Alps as far as the Cadibona Pass and by the Ligurian Apennines east of that point. The narrow, picturesquely indented coastal fringe, the Italian Riviera, is customarily divided into a western section, the Ponente Riviera, and an eastern section, the Levante Riviera, the point of division being the apex of the Ligurian arc at Voltri, near Genoa. Most of the population is concentrated within this coastal area.

      The region, which derived its name from the Ligurians, its pre-Roman inhabitants, came under the domination of Rome in the 1st century BC. After brief Lombard and Frankish rule, the city of Genoa began to emerge as a leading power as early as the 11th century AD. By 1400 the city had gained control of the entire region and become one of the principal maritime and commercial powers of Europe. Despite numerous conflicts with its competitors, especially Venice, Genoa kept its independence until 1796, when it was seized by Napoleon Bonaparte for France. The Congress of Vienna (1815) gave Liguria to the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. Liguria played a leading part in the Risorgimento (movement for Italian independence) and contributed significantly to the union of Italy in 1860. Genoa became the major port of the new unified Italy, rivaling Marseille in France.

      Because of the shelter from winter winds afforded by the mountains, Liguria is particularly favoured in growing early vegetables, flowers (especially in the western section), olives, and wine grapes, and its mild climate draws an active tourist trade in the numerous coastal resorts.

      Industries are concentrated in and around Genoa (the regional and provincial capital), around Savona, and along the shores of the Gulf of La Spezia. At Genoa and La Spezia are Italy's leading shipyards; La Spezia is Italy's major naval base, and Savona is a major centre of the Italian iron industry. Chemical, textile, and food industries are also important. Area 2,092 square miles (5,418 square km). Pop. (1991) 1,701,788; (2000 est.) 1,625,870.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LIGURIA — Italiaeregio gemina: Una litorea, quae vulgo La Riviera di Genova nominatur, inter ostia variad Occid. et Macrae ad Ort. inter Gall. Narbonensem et Hetruriam supra 200. mill. pass. extensa, cuius caput est Genua, inter mont. Apenninum et mare… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Liguria — es una región del noroeste de Italia, de aproximadamente un millón setecientos mil habitantes, que limita con Francia y con las regiones italianas del Piamonte, Emilia Romaña y la Toscana. Su capital es Génova, y comprende las provincias de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liguria — [li gyoor′ē ə] region of NW Italy, on the Ligurian Sea: 2,093 sq mi (5,421 sq km); pop. 1,676,000; chief city, Genoa Ligurian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Liguria — Coordenadas: 44°27′20″N 8°44′5″E / 44.45556, 8.73472 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liguria — Infobox Region of Italy name = Liguria fullname = Regione Liguria isocode = capital = Genoa (Genova) status = Region governor = Claudio Burlando ( Democratic Party ) | province = 4 municipality = 235 arearank = 18th area = 5,420 areapercent = 1.8 …   Wikipedia

  • Liguria — Ligurien Basisdaten Hauptstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liguria — Ligure Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ligure (homonymie). ligure ligure Parlée en  Italie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liguria — Sp Ligūrija Ap Liguria L Italijos ist. ir adm. sritis …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Liguria — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Liguria Country and Admin Code IT.08 IT …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Liguria — geographical name region NW Italy bordering on Ligurian Sea capital Genoa population 1,727,212 • Ligurian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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