lidocaine

/luy"deuh kayn'/, n. Pharm.
a synthetic crystalline powder, C14H22N2O, used as a local anesthetic and also in the management of certain arrhythmias. Also called lignocaine.
[(ACETANI)LID(E) + -O- + -caine, extracted from COCAINE (to designate an anesthetic)]

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drug
      synthetic organic compound used in medicine, usually in the form of its hydrochloride salt, as a local anesthetic. Lidocaine produces prompter, more intense, and longer lasting anesthesia than does procaine (Novocaine). It is widely used for infiltration, nerve-block, and spinal anesthesia in a 0.5 to 2 percent aqueous or saline solution and is also applied to mucous membranes (2 to 4 percent) for mucosal anesthesia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lidocaine — Systematic (IUPAC) name 2 (diethylamino) …   Wikipedia

  • Lidocaine — Lidocaïne Lidocaïne Général Nom IUPAC 2 (dié …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lidocaïne — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lidocaïne — ● Lidocaïne nom féminin Substance utilisée en anesthésie locale pour son pouvoir anesthésique puissant d effet rapide et de longue durée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lidocaine — [lī′dō kān΄, lī′dəkān΄] n. [( diethylaminoacetoxy)lid(ide) + (C)OCAINE] a synthetic crystalline compound, C14H22N2O, used esp. in the form of its hydrochloride as a local anesthetic and to control irregularity in the heartbeat …   English World dictionary

  • lidocaine — li·do·caine līd ə .kān n a crystalline compound C14H22N2O used as a local anesthetic often in the form of its hydrochloride C14H22N2O·HCl called also lignocaine see XYLOCAINE * * * (lignocaine) n. a …   Medical dictionary

  • lidocaine — lignocaine; n. a widely used local anaesthetic administered by injection for minor surgery and dental procedures. For the latter it is normally used in combination with adrenaline to achieve better and longer anaesthesia. Alone or in combination… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Lidocaine — noun a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes • Syn: ↑Xylocaine • Usage Domain: ↑trade name, ↑brand name, ↑brand, ↑marque • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • lidocaine — noun Etymology: acetanilid + o + caine Date: circa 1949 a crystalline compound C14H22N2O that is used in the form of its hydrochloride as a local anesthetic and as an antiarrhythmic agent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lidocaine — (= lignocaine) Commonly used local anaesthetic …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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