Libreville

Fr. /lee brddeuh veel"/, n.
a port in and the capital of Gabon, in the W part, on the Gulf of Guinea. 60,000.

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City (pop., 1993: 362,386), capital of Gabon, located on the northern shore of the Gabon Estuary.

Pongoue people first settled the region after the 16th century, followed by the Fang in the 19th century. The French built a fort on the estuary's northern bank in 1843, and in 1849 a settlement of freed slaves and a group of Pongoue villages were given the name Libreville. In 1850 France abandoned its fort and resettled on the plateau, now the commercial and administrative centre of the city. It is well industrialized and is Gabon's educational centre. Libreville was the capital of French Equatorial Africa from 1888 to 1904.

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Gabon
 city and capital of Gabon, located on the north shore of the Gabon Estuary, which empties into the Gulf of Guinea. It is built on a succession of hills overlooking a well-sheltered port. The former European sector (modern in appearance and the site of the principal administrative and commercial buildings) climbs a plateau that rises from the sea; traditional African villages partially surround this community, ending at the estuary. The international airport is 7 miles (11 km) north, and a growing system of roads links the city with towns in the interior.

      Pongoue (Mpongwe) people first settled the estuary after the 16th century, followed by the Fang, who had migrated south from the Cameroon area, in the 19th century. Fort-d'Aumale was built by the French in 1843 on the estuary's north bank, and a Catholic mission was founded a year later. In 1849 a settlement of freed slaves from the ship “Elizia” and a group of Pongoue villages were given the name Libreville (meaning “free town”). In 1850 the French abandoned their fort and resettled on the plateau that is now the site of the administrative and commercial sector. Between 1860 and 1874, the British, Germans, and Americans established businesses in Libreville, which from 1888 to 1904 was the capital of French Equatorial Africa.

      Although second to Port-Gentil as a port and economic centre, Libreville is well industrialized and is the educational centre for Gabon. It is the site of the Omar Bongo University (1970), a library (1960), and research institutes for tropical agriculture and livestock, geology and mining, and forestry. A modern hospital, Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, and a mosque also serve the community.

      Industrial development caused the population to more than double in the 1960s. Both Libreville and the new deepwater port at Owendo, 9 miles (14.5 km) south-southeast, handle regional exports. Lumber has long been the major export (okoumé wood, ebony, walnut, mahogany), but cocoa, rubber, and palm products also are shipped overseas. Libreville's industries include sawmills, plywood and cloth-printing factories, and brewing, milling of flour, and shipbuilding. Oil was discovered offshore north of the city, and an experimental rice project began in the 1970s at Akok, 26 miles (42 km) east-northeast. The city saw widespread rioting and political unrest in 1990. Pop. (2003 est.) 661,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Libreville — Libreville …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libreville — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • LIBREVILLE — Capitale du Gabon, Libreville fut, tour à tour, un village créé pour recueillir une cinquantaine d’esclaves libérés (1849), un poste militaire de la marine française et un comptoir commercial. Elle prit de l’importance de 1888 à 1904 comme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Libreville — Libreville, con una población estimada de 362.400 habitantes (1993), es la capital de Gabón. Ciudad portuaria sobre el río Gabón, cerca del golfo de Guinea, y centro de comercio de la región de Timber. Fue fundada en 1843 como punto de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Libreville — (spr. libr will ), etwas nördlich vom Äquator gelegene Hauptstadt von Französisch Kongo, am Nordufer des Gabun Ästuariums, mit (1903) 3000 Einw., Sitz des Generalgouverneurs, doch mehr Missionszentrum (56 Schulen) als Handelsplatz. L. liegt 7 km… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Libreville — (spr. libr wíl), Gabun, Ort in Franz. Kongo, an der Bucht des Gabun, 1500 E.; Sitz des Statthalters der Kolonie Gabun …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Libreville — er hovedstad i Gabon. Byen blev grundlagt i 1843 som opholdssted for frigivne slaver …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Libreville — the capital city of ↑Gabon …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Libreville — [lē′brə vēl΄] capital of Gabon: seaport on the Gulf of Guinea: pop. 420,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Libreville —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Freetown (homonymie). 0°23′24″N 9°27′15″E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libreville — Infobox Settlement official name = Libreville imagesize = 300px image caption = mapsize = 150px map caption = Map of the Gabon showing Libreville. pushpin pushpin label position =bottom pushpin mapsize =300 pushpin map caption =Location in Gabon… …   Wikipedia

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