Leyte

/lay"tee/; Sp. /lay"te/, n.
an island in the E central Philippines: focal point of the U.S. invasion of the Philippines 1944. 1,302,648; 3085 sq. mi. (7990 sq. km).

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Island (pop., 2000: 1,952,496) of the Visayan group, eastern Philippines.

Occupying an area of 2,785 sq mi (7,214 sq km), it lies southwest of Samar Island, with which it is linked by a 7,093-ft (2,162-m) bridge. Known to 16th-century Spanish explorers as Tandaya, it was under Spanish rule until the late 19th century. Under U.S. control in the early 20th century, its population grew rapidly. During World War II it was occupied by the Japanese, who were ousted by U.S. forces in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. It has two major cities, Ormoc and Tacloban.

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      island, one of the Visayan group in the Philippines, lying east of Cebu and Bohol across the Camotes Sea. It lies southwest of the island of Samar, with which it is linked by a 7,093-foot (2,162-metre) bridge (completed in 1973) across the narrow San Juanico Strait. The Samar and Bohol (Mindanao) seas lie to the north and south, and Leyte Gulf occupies a large basin between eastern Leyte and southern Samar Island.

      The island is irregular in shape and has a rugged mountain backbone, which reaches its maximum height at Mount Lobi (4,426 feet [1,349 m]) in the centre. A complex system of short streams drain northward to Carigara Bay or westward to Leyte Gulf. The mountains are broken by a low gap at the narrowest part of the island, there crossed by a highway. Rolling plains are found in the coastal areas, particularly in the north near Tacloban and Ormoc.

      The island was known to 16th-century Spanish explorers as Tandaya. Its population grew rapidly after 1900, especially in the Leyte and Ormoc valleys. In World War II, U.S. forces landed on Leyte (Oct. 20, 1944), and, after the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Japanese were expelled. Because the availability of land has been exhausted, Leyte has supplied a large number of migrants to Mindanao.

      Most inhabitants are farmers. Fishing is a supplementary activity. Rice and corn (maize) are the main food crops; cash crops include coconuts, abaca, tobacco, bananas, and sugarcane. There are some manganese deposits, and sandstone and limestone are quarried in the northwest.

      The island has two major cities, Ormoc and the port of Tacloban. Other population centres include Barugo, Carigara, Baybay, Burauen, and Maasin. Area 2,785 square miles (7,214 square km). Pop. (2000) 1,592,336.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEYTE — Île de l’archipel des Visayas (Philippines), dans la région de Visayas Est, située au nord de l’île de Mindanao, Leyte est par sa superficie (7 215 km2) la huitième île des Philippines. Ses côtes sont indentées de profondes baies au nord, à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Leyte — prop. n. The name of an island in the Pacific Ocean and of a battle in World War II, at which the American forces experienced the first use of Kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese. The return of U. S. troops to the Philippines after their expulsion… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leyte — Leyte, batalla del golfo de ► Isla de Filipinas, en el grupo de las Visayas, entre las de Samar (NE), Cebú (O) y Bohol (SO); 7 213 km2 y 1 362 051 h. Forma las prov. de Leyte (con las islas de Biliran y Maripipi; 6 268 km2 y 1 302 648 h; cap.,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leyte —   [ lɛi̯tə], im östlichen Teil des Visayas Archipels, Philippinen, gelegene Insel, 7 214 km2, rd. 1,5 Mio. Einwohner. Ein zentrales bewaldetes Gebirge (bis 1 350 m über dem Meeresspiegel) durchzieht Leyte von Südsüdosten nach Nordnordwesten. Die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Leyte — Leyte, Insel, aus der Gruppe der Bissayer (s.d. g) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leyte — Leyte, Insel der Visayasgruppe der Philippinen, unter 11° nördl. Br., von Mindanao durch die Surigaostraße getrennt, hat mit den Nebeninseln 7923 (nach andrer Messung 9976) qkm mit (1899) 270,491 Einw. (malaiische Visayas, im Innern Negrito). Die …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leyte — [lāt′ē; ] Sp [ lā′tā] island of EC Philippines, between Luzon & Mindanao: 2,785 sq mi (7,213 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Leyte — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Leyte Lage der Insel Leyte Gewässer Pazifischer Ozea …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leyte — Infobox Philippine province name = Leyte sealfile = Ph seal leyte.png region = Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) capital = Tacloban City founded = 1543 and March 10, 1917 pop2000 = 1,592,336 pop2000rank = 14th largest popden2000 = 279 popden2000rank …   Wikipedia

  • Leyte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leyte (homonymie). Leyte Carte de localisation de Leyte au sein des Philippines …   Wikipédia en Français

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