/leg neet"seuh/; Pol. /leg nee"tsah/, n.
a city in SW Poland: formerly in Germany. 75,800. German, Liegnitz.

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      city, Dolnośląskie województwo (province), southwestern Poland. It lies along the Kaczawa River in the western lowlands of Silesia (Śląsk).

 A 12th-century Silesian stronghold, Legnica became the capital of an autonomous principality in 1248. At the Battle of Liegnitz, or Legnica, on April 15, 1241, the Mongols defeated a Polish army under Henry II, prince of Lower Silesia. Legnica received municipal rights in 1252 and soon became an important trade centre, with an economy based on its extensive weaving industry. Long ruled by the Piast dynasty, the town passed to the Habsburgs (1675) and to the Prussians (1741). It suffered extensive damage in World War II. Traditional industries include metalworking (principally brass), textiles, and food production; metallurgy and copper processing have developed more recently. Legnica is the capital of the local Roman Catholic diocese, established in 1992. The city operates a copper museum, art gallery, theatre, cultural centre, and public library. Pop. (2002) 107,100; (2006 est.) 105,485.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Legnica — Legnica …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Legnica — Héraldique Drapeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Legnica —   [lɛg nitsa], polnischer Name für Liegnitz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • LEGNICA — (Ger. Liegnitz), town in Lower Silesia, Wroclaw province, S.W. Poland. The first reliable evidence of Jewish settlement dates from 1301, although Jews were probably resident in the city by the end of the 13th century. A Judenstadt (Civitas… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Legnica — Infobox Settlement name = Legnica imagesize = 250px image caption = Main square image shield = Legnica herb.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Legnica — Escudo de Legnica. Legnica (en alemán: Liegnitz, en checo: Lehnice) es una ciudad situada en el sudoeste de Polonia. Pertenece al voivodato de la Baja Silesia y de acuerdo con el censo de 2005 contaba con una población de 106.122 habitantes. Es… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Legnica — Original name in latin Legnica Name in other language Gorad Legnica, Legnica, Legnicja, Legica, Lehnice, Liegnitz, Lignica, Lignitium, Ligica, lai ge ni cha, legeunicha, lgnytsa, lgnyzh, regunitsuLegnicaa, Горад Легніца, Легница, Легниця State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Legnica — Liegnitz (Dutch, German), Legnica (Polish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Legnica — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Legnica Country and Admin Code PL.72.0262 PL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Legnica — geographical name city SW Poland population 104,196 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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