Laval

/leuh val"/; Fr. /lann vannl"/, n.
1. Pierre /pyerdd/, 1883-1945, French lawyer and politician: premier 1931-32, 1935-36; premier of the Vichy government 1942-44; executed for treason 1945.
2. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, NW of Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 268,335.
3. a city in and the capital of Mayenne, in W France. 54,537.

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I
City (pop., 2001: 343,005), southern Quebec, Canada.

It occupies the whole of Jesus Island, 20 mi (32 km) long and 8 mi (12 km) wide, and is located north of Montreal. First settled in 1681, it was granted to the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1699 and named for François de Laval, the first Roman Catholic Canadian bishop. Development of Jesus Island's Montreal suburbs began after 1945; in 1965 they were merged to form Laval. Development has been rapid with the opening of industrial parks there.
II
(as used in expressions)
Hoare Laval Pact
Laval Carl Gustaf Patrik de
Laval Pierre

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France
 town, capital of Mayenne département, Pays de la Loire région, northwestern France, east of Rennes. The old quarters of the town, which have fine 16th- and 18th-century houses and two châteaus, are located on the west bank slopes of the Mayenne River and are surrounded by the modern town on both sides of the river. The old castle of the counts of Laval, a medieval stronghold, has been restored and houses a museum. The Château Neuf (New Chateau), a Renaissance building also called the Gallery of the Counts of Laval, was restored and enlarged in the 19th century to become the Palais de Justice. The cathedral, dating partly from the 11th century, has been considerably reconstructed and enlarged. The old castle, around which the town of Laval grew, was built early in the 10th century by Guy II, one of the first lords of Laval. The lords, and later the counts, of Laval among whom were the Montmorencys and the Montforts, played a prominent role in French history. After the French Revolution the counterrevolutionary Vendéen army, during the Wars of the Vendée at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries, twice captured the castle from the Republicans. When the Republicans crushed the insurgents they executed the Prince de Talmont, lord of Laval and general of the Vendéen cavalry, in front of the castle gates. Today, Laval still plays the role of a regional market town and administrative centre, but industry has also developed, including the manufacture of machinery, electronics, and plastics. There is also a science park. Pop. (1999) town, 50,947; (2005 est.) 50,700.

      city, seat of Laval region, southern Quebec province, Canada. It occupies the whole of Île Jésus (Jesus Island), just north of Île de Montréal from which it is separated to the south by the Rivière des Prairies and from the mainland to the north by the Rivière des Mille Îles; both rivers are extensions of the Ottawa, which flows into the St. Lawrence below Montreal city. Île Jésus, 20 miles (32 km) long by 8 miles (13 km) wide, with an area of 95 square miles (246 square km), was first settled in 1681. In 1699 it was granted to the Society of Jesus, and named for François de Montmorency Laval, the first Roman Catholic bishop of Canada. By 1702 a parish known as Saint-François de Sales was established.

      Development of Montreal suburban communities on the island was relatively slow until the post-World War II years. In 1959, because of industrialization and urban growth, the Interurban Corporation of Île Jésus was formed. In 1965 the city of Laval was created by merging the island's cities of Chomedey, Duvernay, Laval-des-Rapides, Laval Ouest, Pont-Viau, Sainte-Rose, and the towns of Auteuil, Fabreville, Îles-Laval, Laval-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Dorothée, Saint-François, Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, and Vimont.

      Since the opening of industrial parks in the 1960s, planned industrial development has been rapid. Manufactures include television and radio sets, lithographic printed materials, paper, aluminum, iron and steel products, pharmaceuticals, and dairy foods. Inc. city, 1965. Pop. (2006) 368,709.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Laval — es el nombre de: Una ciudad, una región y un condado del Quebec, Canadá, perteneciente a la Región Metropolitana de Montreal: véase Laval (Quebec). Un archipiélago en el que está localizada dicha ciudad: véase Îles Laval. Una universidad del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • LAVAL (F. de) — LAVAL FRANÇOIS DE (1623 1708) Avant l’arrivée à Québec de Mgr François de Laval en 1659, il n’existait pas, à proprement parler, d’Église canadienne. Il appartenait à ce jeune évêque français de trente six ans d’en jeter les fondements: il lui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LAVAL (P.) — LAVAL PIERRE (1883 1945) Fils d’un petit cafetier d’Auvergne, Pierre Laval dut travailler pour payer ses études qui lui permirent, en 1907, de s’inscrire au barreau de Paris. Venu de l’extrême gauche, mais dépourvu d’idéalisme, il s’affranchit de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Laval — is the name of several places and people:Places* Laval, Quebec, a city in southern Quebec, Canada, part of the Montreal area ** Îles Laval, an archipelago within the limits of the above city ** Laval (electoral district) riding in Canada ** Laval …   Wikipedia

  • Laval — Laval, Pierre C. de Canadá, en la prov. de Québec, al NO de Montreal, de la que forma un suburbio; 284 164 h. C. de Francia, cap. del departamento de Mayenne; 50 360 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Hoare Laval, pacto Laval, Carl Gustaf Patrik… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laval — v. et rég. admin. du Québec, sur l île Jésus, voisine de l île de Montréal; 325 000 hab. Industries diverses. La rég. admin. (245 km²) correspond seulement à la ville. Laval (François Xavier de Montmorency) (1623 1708) prélat français, prem.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Laval [1] — Laval (spr. Lawahl), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Mayenne, 32 QM., 130,000 Ew. in 8 Cantonen; 2) Hauptstadt desselben u. des Departements, am Mayenne u. an der Eisenbahn von Paris nach Rennes; hat die Departementalbehörden,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laval — (spr. wall), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Mayenne, an der Mayenne, die den alten vom neuen Stadtteil scheidet, und über die zwei Brücken sowie ein 28 m hoher Eisenbahnviadukt führen, Knotenpunkt der Westbahn, hat ein altes und ein neues Schloß… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laval — (izg. lavȁl) DEFINICIJA 1. Carl Gustav Patrick de (1845 1913), švedski inženjer, konstruktor mlaznica važnih za razvoj turbina, za mlazne raketne motore, brzohodne parne turbine 2. Pierre (1883 1945), francuski profašistički političar,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Laval — Laval1 [lȧ vȧl′; ] E [ lə val′] Pierre [pyer] 1883 1945; Fr. politician: premier of France (1931 32; 1935 36): executed for treason Laval2 [lȧ vȧl′; ] E [ lə val′] [after François de Laval (1623 1708), 1st bishop of Quebec] city in SW Quebec,… …   English World dictionary

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