laparoscopy

/lap'euh ros"keuh pee/, n., pl. laparoscopies. Surg.
examination of the abdominal cavity or performance of minor abdominal surgery using a laparoscope.
[1850-55; LAPARO- + -SCOPY]

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or peritoneoscopy

Procedure for inspecting the abdominal cavity using a laparoscope; also surgery requiring use of a laparoscope.

Laparoscopes use fibre-optic lights and small video cameras to show tissues and organs on a monitor. Laparoscopic surgical procedures include gallbladder, appendix, and tumour removal; tubal ligation; and hysterectomy. After carbon dioxide is pumped in to expand the space for the instruments, small incisions are made and the laparoscope and instruments inserted. Less invasive than traditional (open) surgery, laparoscopy reduces postoperative pain, recovery time, and length of hospital stay.

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also called  Peritoneoscopy,  
 procedure that permits visual examination of the abdominal cavity with an optical instrument called a laparoscope, which is inserted through a small incision made in the abdominal wall. The term comes from the Greek word laparo, meaning “flank,” and skopein, meaning “to examine.”

      The laparoscope is a type of endoscope—i.e., a device similar to a small telescope that is equipped with a light source. Laparoscopy came into use early in the 20th century. It was first used as a means of diagnosing abdominal pain. By the 1960s gynecologists were using the laparoscope in operations such as tubal ligations. Modern laparoscopes have been fitted with fibre-optic lights and small video cameras that allow a surgical team to view the abdominal tissues and organs on a monitor in the operating room. These improvements have expanded the applications of laparoscopy. The technique is now not only used to obtain diagnostic information but employed in a variety of surgeries, including removal of the gall bladder (cholecystectomy), appendectomy, hysterectomy, repair of hernias, and removal of cancerous tumours.

      Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure because it requires a much smaller incision than traditional surgery does, causing less damage to nerves, muscles, and skin. It can be performed using only local anesthesia and a mild sedative. To begin the procedure, carbon dioxide is pumped into the abdomen, thereby expanding the abdominal cavity to provide the physician with space to maneuver instruments. Next a small incision is made for the laparoscope. Additional tiny cuts can be made if surgical instruments such as forceps and scissors are needed in the procedure. The benefits of laparoscopic surgery include a reduction in postoperative pain, brief recovery times, and shortened hospital stays.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • laparoscopy — n. Laparotomy performed with a laparoscope. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • laparoscopy — 1855, from SCOPY (Cf. scopy) + Gk. lapara flank, from laparos soft, from PIE *lep to peel. Related: Laparoscopic; laparoscope …   Etymology dictionary

  • laparoscopy — Examination of the contents of the abdominopelvic cavity with a laparoscope passed through the abdominal wall. SEE ALSO: peritoneoscopy. SYN: abdominoscopy.L. first became clinically practicable with the development of fiberoptics in the 1960s… …   Medical dictionary

  • laparoscopy — UK [ˌlæpəˈrɒskəpɪ] / US [ˌlæpəˈrɑskəpɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms laparoscopy : singular laparoscopy plural laparoscopies medical a medical operation in which a narrow tube called a laparoscope is put into a part of the body in… …   English dictionary

  • laparoscopy — noun (plural pies) Date: 1916 1. visual examination of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope 2. an operation (as tubal ligation or gall bladder removal) involving laparoscopy • laparoscopic adjective • laparoscopist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • laparoscopy — peritoneoscopy; n. examination of the abdominal structures (which are contained within the peritoneum) by means of a (laparoscope). This is passed through a small incision in the wall of the abdomen after injecting carbon dioxide into the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • laparoscopy — noun /lapəˈɹɒskəpi/ Examination of the loins or abdomen, now specifically examination or surgery on the peritoneal cavity using a laparoscope. Syn: laparoscopic surgery …   Wiktionary

  • laparoscopy — lap|a|ros|co|py [ ,læpə raskəpi ] noun count or uncount MEDICAL a medical operation in which a narrow tube called a laparoscope is put into a part of the body in order to operate on it or examine it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • laparoscopy — n. examination of the abdominal cavity by means of a laparoscope (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • laparoscopy — [ˌlapə rɒskəpi] noun (plural laparoscopies) a surgical procedure in which a fibre optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or permit small scale surgery. Derivatives laparoscope noun laparoscopic… …   English new terms dictionary

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