- /leuh hawr", -hohr"/, n.a city in NE Pakistan: the capital of Punjab province. 2,922,000.
* * *City (pop., 1998: 5,063,499), capital of Punjab province, northeastern Pakistan.The second largest city of Pakistan, it lies in the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. An ancient city, it became prominent with the coming of the Mughals in the 11th–12th centuries. It was captured by Bābur's troops in 1524 and was later under Akbar and Jahāngīr. Ruled by Sikhs in the early 19th century, it passed to the British in 1849. After Indian independence, Lahore became part of Pakistan in 1947. It is the site of the mosque of Wazir Khan (1634); a mosque built by Aurangzeb; and the Shalimar gardens, laid out in 1641. It is the seat of Pakistan's oldest educational institution, University of the Punjab (founded 1882).
* * *▪ PakistanUrdu Lāhawrsecond largest city of Pakistan and the capital of Punjab province. It lies 811 miles (1,305 km) northeast of Karāchi in the upper Indus plain on the Rāvi River, a tributary of the Indus (Indus River).Little is known of the history of the settlement prior to the Muslim period. Hindu legend attributes the founding of Lahore to Lava, or Lōh, son of Rāma (Rama), for whom it is said to have been named Lōhāwar. The city of “Labokla” mentioned in Ptolemy's 2nd-century Guide to Geography may have been Lahore.The city has had a turbulent history. It was the capital of the Ghaznavid Dynasty from 1163 to 1186. A Mongol (Mongolia) army sacked Lahore in 1241. During the 14th century the city was repeatedly attacked by the Mongols until 1398, when it fell under the control of the Turkic conqueror Timur. In 1524 it was captured by the Mughal Bābur's troops. This marked the beginning of Lahore's golden age under the Mughal Dynasty, when the city was often the place of royal residence. It was greatly expanded during the reign of Shāh Jahān (1628–58) but declined in importance during the reign of his successor, Aurangzeb.From the death of Aurangzeb (1707), Lahore was subjected to a power struggle between Mughal rulers and Sikh (Sikhism) insurrectionists. With the invasion of Nādir Shāh in the mid-18th century, Lahore became an outpost of the Iranian empire. However, it soon was associated with the rise of the Sikhs (India), becoming once more the seat of a powerful government during the rule of Ranjit Singh (1799–1839). After Singh's death, the city rapidly declined, and it passed under British rule in 1849. When the Indian subcontinent received independence in 1947, Lahore became the capital of West Punjab province; in 1955 it was made the capital of the newly created West Pakistan province, which was reconstituted as Punjab province in 1970.Lahore consists of an old city area flanked on the southeast by newer commercial, industrial, and residential areas that are in turn ringed by suburbs. The old city was at one time surrounded by a wall and a moat, but these structures have been replaced, except in the north, by parklands. A circular road around the rampart provides access to the old city by 13 gates. Notable structures within the old city include the mosque of Wazīr Khān (1634) and Lahore Fort. A walled complex that covers some 36 acres (14.5 hectares), the fort is a splendid example of Mughal architecture; it was partially built by Akbar (reigned 1556–1605) and extended by the next three emperors. The mosque and the fort are decorated in marble and kashi, or encaustic tile work. Other historic landmarks include the Bādshāhī (Imperial) Mosque, built by Aurangzeb and still one of the largest mosques in the world; the 14-foot- (4.3-metre-) long Zamzama, or Zam-Zammah, a cannon that is immortalized (along with other details of the city) in Rudyard Kipling (Kipling, Rudyard)'s novel Kim (1901); Ranjit Singh's buildings and mausoleum; the Shāhdara gardens, containing the tomb of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr; and the magnificent Shālīmār Garden, laid out east of the city in 1642 by Shāh Jahān as a refuge for the royal family. Jahān's refuge consists of about 80 acres (32 hectares) of terraced, walled gardens, with about 450 fountains. The fort and Shālīmār Garden were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981.An important educational centre, Lahore is the seat of the University of the Punjab (Punjab, University of the) (1882), which is the oldest university in Pakistan. Near the university is the Lahore Museum (1864), which houses eclectic collections of art and historical items. The University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (1961), and numerous other colleges and institutes also are located in the city.Lahore is a leading commercial, banking, and industrial centre. Textiles are the single most important industry, but there are many rubber factories, as well as iron, steel, and other mills. Railways and air services link Lahore with other major cities of Pakistan. Pop. (2005 est.) urban agglom., 6,289,000.
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Lahore — Urdu: لاہور Punjabi: لہور … Wikipedia
Lâhore — Lahore 31°31′32″N 74°20′4″E / 31.52556, 74.33444 … Wikipédia en Français
Lahore — لاہور لہور Staat: Pakistan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lahore — • Diocese in northern India, part of the ecclesiastical Province of Agra Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lahore Lahore † … Catholic encyclopedia
LAHORE — Deuxième ville du Pakistan, après Karachi, Lahore est située dans une région florissante, dont le terrain est fait d’alluvions fertiles, dans la plaine du haut Indus. La légende hindoue attribue la fondation de la ville, à Lava ou Loh, fils de R… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Lahore — [englisch lə hɔː], Hauptstadt der Provinz Punjab in Pakistan, am linken Ufer des Ravi im Pandschab, nahe der Grenze zu Indien, mit 5,06 Mio. Einwohnern zweitgrößte Stadt Pakistans; katholischer Bischofssitz; Universität (gegründet 1882), TU… … Universal-Lexikon
Lahore — (لاهور) es una ciudad de Pakistán, capital de la provincia de Punjab. Situada a orillas del río Ravi en la frontera con la India. Lahore tiene cerca de 7 millones de habitantes, siendo la segunda ciudad más poblada de Pakistán tras Karachi. Es la … Enciclopedia Universal
Lahore — (spr. hohr), ostind. Stadt, s. Lahaur … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Lahore — Lahore, früher Hauptstadt des 1849 von den Engländern eroberten Reichs der Sikhs (s. d.), am Rawi, befestigt, mit Tempeln, Moscheen, Bazars und Prachtbauten aus der Zeit der Ghasneviden u. des Großmoguls, 80000 E.; Fabrikation von Shawls, Seide… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Lahore — Nom porté en Gascogne, qui désigne la maison située à l écart, en dehors des autres (occitan la fòra, le f et le h étant interchangeables en gascon) … Noms de famille
Lahore — [lə hôr′] city in NE Pakistan: pop. 5,063,000 … English World dictionary