Ladino

/leuh dee"noh/; Sp. /lah dhee"naw/, n., pl. Ladinos /-nohz/; Sp. /-naws/ for 2, 3.
1. Also called Judeo-Spanish, Judezmo. a Romance language of Sephardic Jews, based on Old Spanish and written in the Hebrew script.
2. (in Spanish America) a mestizo.
3. (l.c.) Southwestern U.S. a wild, unmanageable, or vicious horse or other ranch animal.
[1885-90; < Sp < L Latinus LATIN. Cf. LADIN]

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Central American whose primary language is Spanish and who wears modern dress.

Genetically ladinos may be of Indian, African, or mixed descent. An Indian may become a ladino by abandoning the Indian dress and customs. Many rural ladinos practice subsistence agriculture much like that of their Indian neighbours, but they tend to emphasize cash crops and modern farming techniques, which the Indians shun. In small towns ladinos commonly engage in commerce as well as farming. In the cities they engage in all occupations, from day labourer to university professor.

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people
      Europeanized Central American person of predominantly Spanish origin. Despite regional variations, there is a cultural similarity among Ladinos stemming from their common Spanish origins and speech. Ladinos include urban classes, rural labourers, and peasantry. Although not always physically distinguishable from Indians, Ladinos may be recognized by their exclusive use of the Spanish language and by their Western dress.

      Many Ladinos practice a subsistence agriculture much like that of their Indian neighbours, although with more stress on cash crops and participation in a regional market economy. They also differ from the Indians in their greater use of advanced cultivation equipment and methods, such as steel plows, irrigation, and fertilization. Many employ Indians or landless peasants as seasonal labour. In small towns, Ladinos very commonly engage in small-scale commerce, in addition to agricultural activities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LADINO — (Latino), or Judeo Spanish, the spoken and written Hispanic language of Jews of Spanish origin. It has no connection with the Rheto Romance dialect (Ladin) spoken in the Italian Tyrol. Over the centuries, various names have been given to this… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ladino — (a derivation of Latin ) may refer to:*Ladino Sephardic language, a term for the Judaeo Spanish language primarily spoken among Sephardic Jewish communities, or more specifically for the written form used in religious texts and translations… …   Wikipedia

  • ladino — [ ladino ] n. m. • d. i.; mot esp.→ ladin ♦ Dialecte espagnol parlé par les judéo espagnols. ● ladino nom et adjectif En Amérique centrale, métis ou Indien ayant perdu son identité culturelle. ● ladino nom masculin Langue romane d origine… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ladino — puede referirse a: Astuto, sagaz, taimado Políglota Castellano antiguo Idioma ladino, una lengua retorromance hablada en la antigua Retia (actualmente, la región de los Dolomitas, en el norte de Italia) Idioma judeoespañol, una lengua derivada… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ladino — LADÍNO s.n. (lingv.) 1. Limba religioasă a sefarzilor (sefarzi) (spre deosebire de limba laică: sefardă sau iudeospaniolă), care este un calc3 al textelor biblice evreieşti (al pentateuhului) şi se scrie cu caractere latine sau raşi. 2. Dialect… …   Dicționar Român

  • Ladino — 1889, Spanish mixed with Hebrew, Arabic, and other elements, written in Hebrew characters, spoken by Sephardim in Turkey, Greece, etc. From Sp. Ladino sagacious, cunning crafty, originally knowing Latin, Latin, from L. Latinus. The Spanish word… …   Etymology dictionary

  • ladino — ladino, na adjetivo 1. Pragmática: peyorativo. Que obra con astucia o sagacidad para conseguir un fin: Me miró con una sonrisa ladina. Es muy ladino, siempre consigue lo que quiere. 2. Sefardí. 3. Del valle del Inn, en Suiza. 4 …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • ladino — ladino, na (Del lat. latīnus, latino). 1. adj. Astuto, sagaz, taimado. 2. Se decía del romance o castellano antiguo. 3. Se decía de quien habla con facilidad alguna o algunas lenguas además de la propia. 4. Am. Cen. mestizo. 5. Am. Cen. Mestizo… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Ladino — [lə dē′nō] n. 1. [Judezmo ladino < Medieval Sp, Latin < L latinus] a) the earlier literary variety of Judezmo, used chiefly for translating sacred Jewish texts b) JUDEZMO 2. pl. Ladinos [AmSp] in Spanish America, a person of mixed ancestry …   English World dictionary

  • ladino — [lə dē′nō, lədī′nō] n. [prob. < It Ladino, of the Ladin speaking area of the Tirol and Grisons < L Latinus, LATIN] a large, vigorous strain of the white clover, often grown as a forage crop …   English World dictionary

  • Ladino — La*di no, n.; pl. {Ladinos}. [Sp.] One of the half breed descendants of whites and Indians; a mestizo; so called throughout Central America. They are usually of a yellowish orange tinge. Am. Cyc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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