kumquat

/kum"kwot/, n.
1. a small, round or oblong citrus fruit having a sweet rind and acid pulp, used chiefly for preserves.
2. any of several citrus shrubs of the genus Fortunella, native to China, that bear this fruit.
Also, cumquat.
[1865-70; < dial. Chin (Guangdong) gamgwat gold citrus fruit, akin to Chin jinjù]

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Any of several evergreen shrubs or small trees of the genus Fortunella (rue, or citrus, family), or their fruit.

Native to eastern Asia, kumquats are cultivated throughout the subtropics. The mainly thornless branches bear dark green, glossy leaves and white, orangelike flowers. The small, bright orange-yellow, round or oval fruit has mildly acid, juicy pulp and a sweet, edible, pulpy skin. Kumquats may be eaten fresh, preserved, or candied, or made into jams and jellies. In the U.S., hybrids have been produced with other citrus fruits.

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plant
      any of several evergreen shrubs or trees of the genus Fortunella (family Rutaceae). Native to eastern Asia, these small trees are cultivated throughout the subtropics, including southern California and Florida. They reach about 2.4 to 3.6 m (8 to 12 feet) high. The branches are mainly thornless and have dark green, glossy leaves and white, orangelike flowers, occurring singly or clustered in the leaf axils. The bright, orange-yellow fruit is round or oval, about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter, with mildly acid, juicy pulp and a sweet, edible, pulpy skin.

      Kumquats may be eaten fresh, preserved, or made into jams and jellies; in China they are frequently candied. Branches of the kumquat tree are used for Christmas decoration in parts of the United States and elsewhere.

      The oval, or Nagami, kumquat (F. margarita) is the most common species. It is native to southern China and bears yellow fruits that are about 3 cm in diameter. The round, or Marumi, kumquat is F. japonica; it is indigenous to Japan and has orangelike fruits that are about 2.5 cm in diameter. The egg-shaped Meiwa kumquat (F. crassifolia), in which both the pulp and the rind of the fruit are sweet, is considered an intrageneric hybrid and is widely grown in China. In the United States, hybrids have been produced with limes, mandarin oranges, and other citrus fruits.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kumquat — Malayan Kumquat foliage and fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • kumquat — [ kɔmkwat; kumkwat ] n. m. • kum quat 1891 ; du chin. cantonais, var. de kin kü « orange d or », probablt par l angl. ♦ Fruit d un citrus (« citronnier du Japon »), très petite orange qui se mange souvent confite. ♢ Arbuste qui produit ce fruit.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kumquat — kum quat, n. [Chin. kin keu.] (Bot.) any of several trees or shrubs of the genus {Fortunella} (formerly {Citrus}) of the rue family ({Rutaceae}) (especially {Citrus Japonica}) growing in China and Japan bearing small orange colored edible fruits… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kumquat — s.n. Cel mai mic dintre fructele citrice (Citrus fortunella sau Fortunella japonica), asemănător cu o portocală, dar de mărimea unei cireşe, cu coaja subţire, comestibilă [pr. cum cvat]. Trimis de gal, 04.05.2005. Sursa: DGE …   Dicționar Român

  • kumquat — (n.) 1690s, from Chinese (Cantonese) kamkwat, from kam golden + kwat orange. Cantonese dialectal form of Chinese kin ku …   Etymology dictionary

  • kumquat — American spelling noun (C) a fruit that looks like a very small orange …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • kumquat — (also cumquat) ► NOUN ▪ an East Asian citrus like fruit with an edible sweet rind and acid pulp. ORIGIN Chinese, little orange …   English terms dictionary

  • kumquat — [kum′kwät΄, kum′kwôt] n. [Cantonese kam kwat < Mandarin chin chü, lit., golden orange] 1. an orange colored, oval fruit about the size of a small plum, with a sour pulp and a sweet rind, used in preserves and confections 2. a tree (genus… …   English World dictionary

  • Kumquat — Kumquats Kumquat (Fortunella spec., hier die Malaiische Kumquat) Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kumquat — Fortunella Fortunella margarita …   Wikipédia en Français

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