- /kras"neuh dahr'/; Russ. /krddeuh snu dahrdd"/, n.1. a territory of the Russian Federation in SE Europe. 4,814,000; 34,200 sq. mi. (88,578 sq. km).2. Formerly, Ekaterinodar, Yekaterinodar. a city in and the capital of this territory, on the Kuban River, near the Sea of Azov. 560,000.
* * *▪ Russiacity and administrative centre of Krasnodar kray (territory), southwestern Russia, lying along the Kuban River. Founded about 1793 as a Cossack guardpost on the Kuban frontier, it developed as a military town. In 1867, after the Caucasian wars, it became a city and centre of the fertile Kuban region, and its prosperity increased following the arrival of the railways in the 1890s. The city's industries are largely concerned with processing the agricultural products of the region; there are also considerable engineering industries. Petroleum is refined and lubricants are produced. The city has a gridiron pattern of streets densely lined by poplar, acacia, and plane trees. Cultural institutions include Kuban State University (1920); teaching establishments (pedagogic, medical, agricultural, cultural, and food industry); research institutes for agriculture, tobacco, vegetable fats, canning, and the petroleum industry; and several theatres and museums. Pop. (2006 est.) 710,413.kray (territory), southwestern Russia, extending northward from the crest line of the Caucasus Mountains across the plains east of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov as far as the Gulf of Taganrog. The plains, crossed by the Kuban (Kuban River) and other rivers flowing to the Sea of Azov, form two-thirds of the region. Their steppe-grass vegetation on rich soils has been almost entirely plowed under. Widespread salt marshes and lagoons line the Azov coast. The southern third of the region is occupied by the western Caucasus, which reach 12,434 feet (3,790 metres) at Mount Psysh (in the neighbouring Karachay-Cherkessia republic) and fall gradually in height westward as they run parallel to the Black Sea, from which they are separated by a narrow coastal plain. The mountains' lower slopes are covered by deciduous forest; higher up are conifers and alpine meadows.The kray was established in 1937 with its headquarters at Krasnodar city in an area originally occupied by Kuban Cossacks. The population is overwhelmingly Russian but also includes some Adygey, Ukrainians, Armenians, Belarusians, and Tatars.The northern plains form a major agricultural region that produces grains, especially winter wheat and, in the south, winter barley. Along the lower Kuban River, much swamp has been reclaimed for rice growing. Industrial crops, notably sunflowers, tobacco, and sugar beets, are important, as are vegetables along the Kuban and fruit and vines on the Caucasus foothills. Large numbers of cattle, pigs, and poultry are kept. Petroleum and natural gas are exploited on the Taman Peninsula and in the north. Novorossiysk and Tuapse are major oil-exporting ports. There are oil refineries at Krasnodar and Tuapse and a chemical complex at Belorechensk. Area 29,300 square miles (76,000 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 5,096,572.
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Krasnodar — Краснодар … Wikipédia en Français
KRASNODAR — Chef lieu d’un territoire homonyme de la Fédération de Russie (83 600 km2, 4 294 000 hab. en 1983), Krasnodar, construite sur les rives du Kouban à l’endroit où le fleuve devient navigable, comptait 635 000 habitants en 1992. Fondée en 1793 sous… … Encyclopédie Universelle
KRASNODAR — (formerly Yekaterinodar), capital of Krasnodar Territory (N. Caucasus), Russia. Until 1917 the city was outside the pale of Settlement, and only demobilized soldiers, professionals, highly skilled artisans, and wealthy merchants were allowed to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Krasnodar — [kräs΄nō där′] 1. territory in SW Russia, in the N Caucasus: 29,300 sq mi (75,887 sq km); pop. 5,004,000 2. capital of this territory, on the Kuban River: pop. 646,000 … English World dictionary
Krasnodar — Stadt Krasnodar Краснодар Flagge Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Krasnodar — Краснодар Krasnodar Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Krasnodar — Infobox Russian city EnglishName=Krasnodar RussianName=Краснодар Skyline SkylineLegend LatDeg=45 LatMin=02 LatSec LonDeg=38 LonMin=58 LonSec LocatorMap LocatorMapLegend Flag CityDay=Last non working day of September FederalSubject=Krasnodar Krai… … Wikipedia
Krasnodar — Krasnodạr, 1) bis 1920 Jekaterinodạr, Ekaterinodạr [je ], Hauptstadt der Region Krasnodar, Russland, am Kuban, 638 000 Einwohner; Universität (gegründet 1970), zwei nichtstaatliche Universitäten, technische und medizinische Hochschule,… … Universal-Lexikon
krasnodar — ˈkraznəˌdär, ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷ adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Krasnodar, city in southern part of European Russia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Krasnodar, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of … Useful english dictionary
Krasnodar — Original name in latin Krasnodar Name in other language Ekaterinodar, KRR, Krasnodar, Krasnodara, Yekaterinodar, ke la si nuo da er, keulaseunodaleu, kurasunodaru, qrsnwdr, Краснодар State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 45.04484… … Cities with a population over 1000 database