Košice

/kaw"shi tse/, n.
a city in SE Slovakia. 202,368. Hungarian, Kassa.

* * *

City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 236,093), eastern Slovakia.

Settled in the 9th century and chartered in 1241, it served as a trading settlement during the late Middle Ages. It developed rapidly after becoming part of Czechoslovakia in 1920. Occupied in 1938 by Hungary, it was liberated in 1945 and became the first seat of the postwar Czechoslovakian government. A part of independent Slovakia since 1992, it is the political, economic, and cultural centre of southeastern Slovakia.

* * *

German  Kaschau,  Hungarian  Kassa  
 city, eastern Slovakia. It lies on the Hornád River, south of Prešov.

      Košice originated in the 9th century and was chartered in 1241. In the late Middle Ages it was one of the 24 trading settlements of the Polish-Slovak frontier, in which immigrant German merchants were prominent. In 1660 Benedict Kischdy, the Hungarian bishop of Eger (now Cheb), founded a university at Košice that was later suppressed by the Austrians. There are remnants of the city's stout 17th-century fortifications, built as a defense against the Turks; particularly well preserved are the Hangman's Bastion, now a museum, and the Mikluš Prison. The long medieval street known as Hlavná Ulica is still the centre of the city. Along it stand the great Gothic Cathedral of St. Elizabeth, St. Michael's Chapel, Levoča House (the former warehouse of the trading-settlement merchants), and several other churches and palaces.

      Košice developed rapidly after it became a part of Czechoslovakia in 1920. In 1938 the city was occupied by the Hungarians; after liberation in 1945, it became the first seat of the postwar Czechoslovakian government and of the Slovak National Council. Šafařík University (1959) and several scientific and research institutes were founded in the city in the decades after World War II. Since 1945 Košice's population has more than doubled, and the city is now the political, economic, and cultural centre of southeastern Slovakia.

      Košice lies between the mineral-rich Slovak Ore Mountains to the west (with iron ore, magnesite, and limestone) and a fertile agricultural plain to the east. It is both a centre for heavy industry and a market for farm products. One of eastern Europe's largest integrated iron and steel complexes is at Huko, just south of Košice. Nearby are several spas and villages, notably Herlany, Jasov, Jahodná, and Štós. The city is home to the Eastern Slovakia Museum. Pop. (2005 est.) 235,006.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Košice — (Capitale régionale) Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Košice — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kosice — Košice Košice Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KOSICE — (Slovak Košice; Hung. Kassa; Ger. Kaschau), city in S.E. Slovakia. Until 1992 Czechoslovak Republic, since 1993 Slovak Republic. Documentation testifies to Jewish appearances in Kosice in 1484 and 1524, but they were not permitted to live in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kosice — Kosice …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kosice — and Košice may refer to: * Košice (IPA2|ˈkɔʃitsɛ), a city in Slovakia * Several locations in the Czech Republic: ** Košice, a village in Central Bohemian Region (Kutná Hora District) ** Košice, a village in South Bohemian Region (Tábor District)… …   Wikipedia

  • Košice I — Distrito de Eslovaquia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Košice II — Distrito de Eslovaquia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Košice IV — Distrito de Eslovaquia …   Wikipedia Español

  • KOŠICE — Centre principal de la Slovaquie orientale, Košice se trouve sur le Hornad, au contact des Carpates et de la Grande Plaine hongroise. Cette situation lui permit de jouer, au cours des siècles, un rôle commercial et culturel très important. Le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kosice — puede referirse a: Košice, ciudad de Eslovaquia. Gyula Kosice, escultor argentino. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.