koine

/koy nay", koy"nay/, n.
1. (usually cap.) an amalgam of Greek dialects, chiefly Attic and Ionic, that replaced the Classical Greek dialects in the Hellenistic period and flourished under the Roman Empire.
2. a lingua franca.
[1910-15; < Gk koiné (diálektos) common (dialect); see CENO-2]

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Newly formed compromise language that usually arises from a leveling of features distinguishing dialects of a common base language, or of features distinguishing several closely related languages.

The new language is hence deregionalized and does not reflect social or political dominance of any one group of speakers. The classical example of a koine (as well as the source of the term) is Hellenistic Greek, which developed from Attic Greek through replacement of the most distinctively Attic features by features of Ionic or other dialects. A koine may serve as a lingua franca and often forms the basis of a new standard language.

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      the fairly uniform Hellenistic Greek spoken and written from the 4th century BC until the time of the Byzantine emperor Justinian (Justinian I) (mid-6th century AD) in Greece, Macedonia, and the parts of Africa and the Middle East that had come under the influence or control of Greeks or of Hellenized rulers. Based chiefly on the Attic dialect, the Koine had superseded the other ancient Greek dialects by the 2nd century AD. Koine is the language of the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint), of the New Testament, and of the writings of the historian Polybius and the philosopher Epictetus. It forms the basis of Modern Greek. See also Greek languages (Greek language).

      The divergences of the Koine from classical norms gave rise in the 1st century AD to a purist movement known as Atticism, which had little effect on the everyday spoken language although it influenced the written language, causing it to have archaizing tendencies.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • koinè — koinè …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Koine — Koinè Histoire de la langue grecque (voir aussi : alphabet grec) Proto grec (vers 2000 av. J. C.) Mycénien (vers 1600–1100 av. J. C.) Grec ancien (vers 800–300 av. J. C.) Dialectes : éolien, arcado cypriote, Ionien attique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Koiné — Koine Zeitraum ca. 300 v. Chr. bis 600 n. Chr. Ehemals gesprochen in östlicher Mittelmeerraum, südliche Balkanhalbinsel, Syrien, Palästina, Ägypten Linguistische Klassifikation Indo Europäisch Koine Sprachcodes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Koine — Zeitraum ca. 300 v. Chr. bis 600 n. Chr. Ehemals gesprochen in östlicher Mittelmeerraum, südliche Balkanhalbinsel, Syrien, Palästina, Ägypten Linguistische Klassifikation Indo Europäisch Koine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • koinè — [ kɔine; kɔinɛ ] n. f. • déb. XXe ; gr. koinos « commun » ♦ Didact. Langue commune de la Grèce aux époques hellénistique et romaine. Par ext. Langue commune, vulgaire d un groupe humain. ● koinè nom féminin (grec koinê dialektos, langue commune)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • koine — KOINÉ s.f. (lingv.) Variantă lingvistică ce serveşte comunicării între vorbitori de dialecte sau graiuri diferite; limbă comună (b). – Din fr. koiné. Trimis de catalin caba, 02.02.2005. Sursa: DEX 98  koiné s. f. / s. n. (sil. koi ) Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Koinè — (Отранто,Италия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Via Alimini Litoranea Alimini Snc …   Каталог отелей

  • koine — koinȇ (koìnē) m[i] i ž[/i] <G a> DEFINICIJA lingv. 1. pov. zajednički jezik Grka u doba helenizma 2. zajednički (i to govorni) jezik kojim se služi veći broj govornika različitih dijalekata ETIMOLOGIJA grč. koinḗ (diálektos) ← koinós:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • koine — [koi nā′; koi′nā΄, koi′nē΄, koi′nē΄] n. [Gr (hē) koinē (dialektos), (the) common (dialect) < koinos: see COENO ] 1. [also K ] the language used throughout the Greek world, from Syria to Gaul, during the Hellenistic and Roman periods: its… …   English World dictionary

  • koiné — s. f. 1. Língua comum empregada na Grécia helenística e baseada no dialeto ático, ainda que com certos carateres jônicos. 2.  [Por extensão] Língua comum a um grupo humano: O castelhano, koiné de Espanha …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Koinē — (griech.), die auf Grund des attischen Dialekts seit der Zeit Alexanders d. Gr. entstandene Gemeinsprache der Griechen; s. Griechische Sprache, S. 331, und Hellenismus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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