/koch/ for 1; /kawkh/ for 2, n.
1. Edward I., born 1924, U.S. politician: mayor of New York City since 1977.
2. Robert /rddoh"berddt/, 1843-1910, German bacteriologist and physician: Nobel prize 1905.

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also called  Rajbanshi 

      ethnic group of the Bodo people, dispersed over parts of Assam and Bengal. While their original language is a Tibeto-Burman dialect, large sections of the group in the 20th century spoke Bengali or other Indo-Aryan languages. In the 16th century a Koch chief established the state of Cooch Behar, and they now call themselves Rajbanshi (Of Royal Blood), resent being called by the old tribal name, and follow Hindu customs. But their claim to the high status of the Kshatriya class of Hindus is not generally admitted, and many of the endogamous subdivisions rank very low in the Hindu caste hierarchy. The caste is mainly agricultural, but there are also Rajbanshi carpenters, blacksmiths, and traders. Some sections of the group are less Hinduized than others, and there are considerable variations in customs and status.

      In the 15th century the Koch's chief future homeland had been held by Khen kings; but early in the 16th century Cooch Behar became the centre of the kingdom of the Koch king Biswa Singh, invading from northeastern Bengal. The greatest monarch of the dynasty was Nar Narayan, the son of Biswa Singh, who extended his power over a large part of Assam and southward over what became the British district of Rangpur. His son became tributary to the Mughal Empire (Mughal Dynasty). In 1772 the country was invaded by the Bhutanese, and an appeal for assistance was made to the British governor Warren Hastings. A detachment of Sepoys drove out all the Bhutanese, who were forced to sue for peace through the mediation of the Tashi Lama of Tibet. By the resulting treaty the Raja acknowledged subjection to the East India Company and made over to it one-half of his annual revenues.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Koch — [kɔx], der; [e]s, Köche [ kœçə]: männliche Person, die im Zubereiten von Speisen ausgebildet ist, die berufsmäßig kocht: Koch sein, werden; als Koch in einer Kantine arbeiten; ihr Mann ist ein begeisterter Koch (kocht gern). Zus.: Aushilfskoch,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Koch — may refer to: * Koch (surname), people with this surname * Koch (boat), a type of Arctic boat * Koch (language), a language spoken in India and Bangladesh * Koch method of learning Morse Code * Koch snowflake or star, and Koch curve * Koch s… …   Wikipedia

  • Koch — und Heizapparate, elektrische, beruhen entweder auf der Ausnutzung der Wärme des elektrischen Lichtbogens oder der Nutzbarmachung der Wirbelströme (bei Wechselstrom), oder darauf, daß der elektrische Strom in dünnen Drähten, Metallschichten oder… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Koch — es un apellido que puede referirse a: Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch, médico alemán. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Koch, botánico y naturalista alemán. Joseph Anton Koch, pintor austríaco del romanticismo (1768 1839). Andrea Koch, Tenista chilena. Otros …   Wikipedia Español

  • KOCH (R.) — KOCH ROBERT (1843 1910) Savant allemand, Prix Nobel de physiologie et médecine (1905), Robert Koch est l’un des créateurs de la bactériologie médicale. Simple médecin de campagne formé à l’université de Göttingen, il entreprend de s’attaquer, par …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Koch — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Köchin Bsp.: • Ihre Frau ist eine gute Köchin. • Sie haben im Continental einen neuen Koch. • Der Koch ist sehr gut. • Sie ist eine gute Köchin. • …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Koch [2] — Koch, 1) (lat. Coquus) Wilhelm, geb. 1471, war Stadtarzt in Basel u. st. 1532; er übersetzte die Praesagia des Hippokrates, Leyden 1560; den Galen, ebd. 1579, u.a. 2) Heinrich Gottfried, geb. 1703 zu Gera; studirte in Leipzig die Rechte; betrat… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Koch — Koch, derjenige männliche Diener, dem in großen Häusern und Wirthschaften die Oberaufsicht über die Zubereitung der Speisen anvertraut ist. An Höfen gibt es Ober und Unterköche, ja man hatte ehedem sogar für jede Branche der Tafelfreuden einen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • KOCH (M.) — KOCH MARITA (1957 ) Championne olympique du 400 mètres en 1980, l’Allemande de l’Est Marita Koch aura établi, de 1978 à 1985, trois records du monde sur 200 mètres et sept sur 400 mètres, amenant, respectivement, ses performances à 21,71 s et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Koch — s. m. O mesmo que bacilo de Koch.   ‣ Etimologia: [Robert] Koch, antropônimo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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