knitting

/nit"ing/, n.
1. the act of a person or thing that knits.
2. the act of forming a fabric by looping a continuous yarn.
3. knitted work.
4. stick or tend to one's knitting,
a. to mind one's own business: Don't worry about my work - just tend to your knitting.
b. to devote oneself to one's assignments or responsibilities: Years of sticking to his knitting finally paid off.
[1350-1400; ME; see KNIT, -ING1]

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      production of fabric by employing a continuous yarn or set of yarns to form a series of interlocking loops. Knit fabrics can generally be stretched to a greater degree than woven types. The two basic types of knits are the weft, or filling knits—including plain, rib, purl, pattern, and double knits—and the warp knits—including tricot, raschel, and milanese. In knitting, a wale is a column of loops running lengthwise, corresponding to the warp of woven fabric; a course is a crosswise row of loops, corresponding to the filling.

      Most filling knits can be made by hand or machine, although commercial fabrics are generally machine-made. Basic stitches are the knit stitch, a loop passed through the front of the preceding loop, and the purl stitch, drawn through the back. Some filling knits are fragile because of the dependency of each loop in a vertical row on the stitch next to it. Runs can occur when one loop breaks, releasing other loops in the same row. Filling knits have the greatest amount of stretch in the crosswise direction. The plain knits (plain stitch), also called flat knits, have a flat surface, with short, horizontal loops visible on the back. When produced by hand knitting, this structure is called stockinette. Pile-surfaced fabrics produced by variations of the plain knit include velour and fake furs. Rib knits have pronounced lengthwise ribs formed by wales alternating on both sides of the fabric. These knits are fairly heavy, have good elasticity, and are more durable than the plain knits. Purl knits have horizontal ridges running crosswise on both the face and the back of the fabric, making them reversible. Pattern knits, such as those of fisherman knit sweaters, are produced by varying the manner in which the knit and purl stitches are used. Because the knit stitch tends to advance and the purl stitch to recede, a variety of patterns can be made by adding, dropping, alternating, or crossing stitches. Double knits are heavy and firm and rarely run. They are produced only by machine, with a variation of the rib stitch, the interlock stitch, employing two yarns and two sets of needles, with loops drawn through from both directions.

      Warp knits, also produced only by machine, are usually run-resistant and are closer, flatter, and less elastic than filling knits. They are made on a chain loom, with each warp controlled by a separate needle. The loops interlock along the length of the fabric. Tricot is characterized by fine, vertical wales on the surface and crosswise ribs on the back. It has good draping qualities and is frequently used for lingerie and as backing for laminated fabric. Raschel knits have a lacelike, open construction, with a heavy, textured yarn held in place by a much finer yarn. Raschels can be made in a variety of types, ranging from fragile to coarse, and usually have limited stretch. Milanese is made with two sets of warp, one moving downward to the left and the other downward to the right, with the diagonal crossing of the yarns producing a diamond effect on the back, and a fine rib showing on the surface.

      Knit fabrics are produced in both flat and tubular form. Filling knits are most often tubular; warp knits are usually flat. Flat filling knits can be shaped by a process called fashioning, in which stitches are added to some rows to increase width, and two or more stitches are knitted as one to decrease width. Circular (tubular) knits are shaped by tightening or stretching stitches.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Knitting — Knit ting, n. 1. The work of a knitter; the network formed by knitting; knitwork. [1913 Webster] 2. Union formed by knitting, as of bones. [1913 Webster] {Knitting machine}, one of a number of contrivances for mechanically knitting stockings,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knitting — (n.) knitted work, 1848, from prp. of KNIT (Cf. knit) (v.). Knitting needle is from 1590s …   Etymology dictionary

  • knitting — [nit′iŋ] n. 1. the action of a person or thing that knits 2. knitted work …   English World dictionary

  • Knitting — Knit redirects here. See also KNIT and Knitted fabric. Knitting is a method by which thread or yarn may be turned into cloth. Knitting consists of loops called stitches pulled through each other. The active stitches are held on a needle until… …   Wikipedia

  • knitting — n. action of knitting 1) to do knitting one s own business (colloq.) (esp. AE) 2) to mind, stick to, tend to one s (own) knitting * * * [ nɪtɪŋ] stick to tend to one s (own) knitting [ action of knitting ] to do knitting [ one s own business ]… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • knitting — [[t]nɪ̱tɪŋ[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT: usu poss N Knitting is something, such as an article of clothing, that is being knitted. She had been sitting with her knitting at her fourth floor window. 2) N UNCOUNT: oft N n Knitting is the action or process of… …   English dictionary

  • knitting — n. 1 a garment etc. in the process of being knitted. 2 a the act of knitting. b an instance of this. Phrases and idioms: knitting machine a machine used for mechanically knitting garments etc. knitting needle a thin pointed rod of steel, wood,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • knitting — knit|ting [ nıtıŋ ] noun uncount * 1. ) the activity or process of knitting things: She enjoys music, reading, and knitting. a knitting machine/pattern 2. ) something that is being knitted: I always take my knitting when I travel …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • knitting */ — UK [ˈnɪtɪŋ] / US noun [uncountable] 1) the activity or process of knitting things She enjoys music, reading, and knitting. a knitting machine/pattern 2) something that is being knitted I always take my knitting when I travel …   English dictionary

  • knitting — knit ► VERB (knitting; past and past part. knitted or (especially in sense 3) knit) 1) make by interlocking loops of yarn with knitting needles or on a machine. 2) make (a plain stitch) in knitting. 3) unite or join together. 4) tighten (one s… …   English terms dictionary

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