Knights of Malta

the order of Hospitalers.

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or Hospitallers in full (since 1961) Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta.

Religious order founded at Jerusalem in the 11th century to care for sick pilgrims.

Recognized by the pope in 1113, the order built hostels along the routes to the Holy Land. The Hospitallers acquired wealth and lands and began to combine the task of tending the sick with waging war on Islam, eventually becoming a major military force in the Crusades. After the fall of the crusader states, they moved their headquarters to Cyprus and later to Rhodes (1309). They ruled Rhodes until it fell to the Turks in 1523; thereupon they moved to Malta, where they ruled until their defeat by Napoleon I in 1798. In 1834 they moved to their present headquarters in Rome.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Knights of Malta — • The most important of all the military orders, both for the extent of its area and for its duration Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Knights of Malta     Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Knights In Malta B&B — (Нашшар,Мальта) Категория отеля: Адрес: Triq Santa Lucija 138, NXR 1500 Нашшар, Маль …   Каталог отелей

  • Knights of Malta — n. HOSPITALER …   English World dictionary

  • Knights of Malta — the order of Hospitalers. * * * Knights of Malta, 1. the Knights Hospitalers, who ruled on Malta from 1530 to 1798. 2. one of the three highest degrees in the York Rite of Freemasonry …   Useful english dictionary

  • Knights of Malta — Knights′ of Mal′ta n. why the order of Hospitalers …   From formal English to slang

  • Knights Hospitaller — Knights of Malta redirects here. For the Rome based successor widely considered a sovereign subject, see Sovereign Military Order of Malta. For other uses, see Knights of Malta (disambiguation). Knights Hospitallers Sovereign Military Hospitaller …   Wikipedia

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  • Knights Templar (Freemasonry) — A cross and crown laid upon a cross pattée inscribed with In Hoc Signo Vinces resting upon downward pointing swords in saltire is often used to represent the Knights Templar. (The various symbols used allude to the orders of the body, though the… …   Wikipedia

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