kibbutz

/ki boots", -boohts"/, n., pl. kibbutzim /-boot seem"/.
(in Israel) a community settlement, usually agricultural, organized under collectivist principles.
[1930-35; < ModHeb kibus; cf. Heb qibbus gathering]

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Israeli communal settlement in which all wealth is held in common and profits are reinvested in the settlement.

The first kibbutz was founded in Palestine in 1909; most have since been agricultural. Adults live in private quarters; children are generally housed and cared for as a group. Meals are prepared and eaten communally. Members have regular meetings to discuss business and to take votes on matters requiring decisions. Jobs may be assigned by rotation, by choice, or by skill. The kibbutz movement declined dramatically in the late 20th century. But kibbutzim continued to play in important role in the tourism industry in Israel, attracting students and other short-term residents, mostly Jews from overseas seeking a link with the past. See also moshav.

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▪ Israeli commune
Hebrew“gathering” or “collective”plural  kibbutzim , also spelled  qibbutz 

      Israeli (Israel) collective (socialism) settlement, usually agricultural and often also industrial, in which all wealth is held in common. Profits are reinvested in the settlement after members have been provided with food, clothing, and shelter and with social and medical services. Adults have private quarters, but children are generally housed and cared for as a group. Cooking and dining are in common. The settlements have edged toward greater privacy with regard to person and property since the formation of Israel in 1948. The kibbutzim, which are generally established on land leased from the Jewish National Fund, convene weekly general meetings at which the kibbutz members determine policy and elect their administrative members.

 The first kibbutz was founded at Deganya in Palestine in 1909. Others were created in the following years, and by the early 21st century there were more than 250 kibbutzim in Israel, their total population numbering more than 100,000. The early kibbutzim in Palestine were actually kevuẓot; these were relatively small collectives that gradually evolved into the larger and more extended collective community known as the kibbutz. The kibbutzim played an important role in the pioneering of new Jewish settlements in Palestine, and their democratic and egalitarian character had a strong influence on early Israeli society as a whole. The kibbutzim still make contributions to Israel's economy and leadership that are disproportionately large when compared with the kibbutzim's relatively small share of the country's population.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kibbutz — kib*butz (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl. {Kibbutzim}. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.] an Israeli communal[2] form of agricultural settlement. Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a very high level of sharing,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kibbutz — KIBBÚTZ, kibbutzuri, s.n. Gospodărie colectivă agrară în Israel. [pr.: chibúţ] – Din fr. kibboutz. Trimis de catalin caba, 15.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  KIBBÚTZ, kibbútzuri, s.n. kibbutz (< ebr. mod. qibbūṣ = reuniune, adunare) [et. MW] Trimis… …   Dicționar Român

  • kibbutz — (n.) Israeli collective settlement, 1931, from Modern Heb. qibbus gathering, earlier a gathering together, verbal noun from root of qibbetz he gathered together. Plural is kibbutzim. Related to Arabic quabada he grasped seized …   Etymology dictionary

  • kibbutz — |quibútze| s. m. Herdade israelita de exploração coletiva. • Plural: kibbutzim.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra hebraica, de qibbus, agrupamento …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • kibbutz — ► NOUN (pl. kibbutzim) ▪ a communal farming settlement in Israel. ORIGIN modern Hebrew, gathering …   English terms dictionary

  • kibbutz — [ki bo͞ots′, kiboots′] n. pl. kibbutzim [kē΄bo͞o tsēm′] [ModHeb] an Israeli collective settlement, esp. a collective farm …   English World dictionary

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • Kibbutz — Als Kibbuz (hebräisch: קִבּוּץ, „Zusammenkunft“; Mehrzahl Kibbuzim) bezeichnet man eine ländliche Kollektivsiedlung in Israel mit gemeinsamem Eigentum und basisdemokratischen Strukturen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Ideologie des Kibbuz 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kibbutz — (pl. Kibbutzim)    The kibbutz (a word meaning collective settlement that comes from the Hebrew for group) was a socialist experiment, a voluntary grouping of individuals who hold property in common and have their needs satisfied by the commune.… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • kibbutz — (Voz hebrea.) ► sustantivo masculino AGRICULTURA, SOCIOLOGÍA Explotación comunitaria, generalmente agrícola, de Israel. IRREG. plural kibbutz * * * kibbutz (de or. hebr.; pronunc. [quibúts]; pl. «kibbutz») m. Explotación agrícola cooperativista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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