- /ker mahn'shah", -shaw", keuhr-, ker'mahn-, kerr'-/, n.1. a city in W Iran. 190,000.2. Kirman.
* * *▪ Iranformerly Bākhtarān,city, western Iran. The city lies in the fertile valley of the Qareh Sū River and is situated on the ancient caravan route between the Mediterranean Sea and Central Asia. It was founded in the 4th century AD by Bahrām IV of the Sāsānian dynasty. Conquered by the Arabs in 640, the town was called Qirmasin (Qirmashin). Under Seljuq rule in the 11th century, it was the chief town of Kordestān. The Ṣafavids (ruled 1501–1736) fortified the town, and the Qājārs repulsed an attack by the Turks during Fatḥ ʿAlī Shāh's rule (1797–1834). Occupied by the Turkish Army in 1915 during World War I, it was evacuated in 1917. The construction of a road in the 1950s over the age-old Khorāsān track added considerably to the importance of the city. It is now a fairly important industrial centre; industries include textile manufacturing, food processing, oil refining, carpet making, sugar refining, and the production of electrical equipment and tools. It is connected by road to Tabriz, Hamadan, and Qazvin and has an airport.The surrounding region is one of the richest agricultural areas of Iran; its agriculture is now mostly mechanized. Irrigation is largely used in the upland valleys. Wheat and barley, corn (maize), clover, beans, oilseeds, rice, fruit, and vegetables are the main crops, and the hills in the area provide good pasturage. The inhabitants are mainly Kurds of many different tribes, most of whom settled in urban areas after World War II. The history of the area extends back into antiquity, as many local monuments of Achaemenid and Sāsānid origin demonstrate—e.g., the rock carvings at Bīsitūn and Tāg-e Bostān. There are also many prehistoric remains in the form of mounds and formerly inhabited caves. Pop. (2006) 794,863.
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Kermanshah — کرمانشاه Bandera … Wikipedia Español
KERMANSHAH — (called Qirmisin by Arab geographers), city located in the west of iran close to the border of iraq , on a commercial route between the two countries. The earliest mention of the city as a dwelling place of the Jews occurs in nathan ha bavli s… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Kermanshah — es una de las 30 provincias de Irán. Situada al oeste del país, fronteriza con Iraq. Su capital es Kermanshah. Entre 1979 y los años 1990, la provincia se llamaba Bakhtaran. * * * VER Kermanshahan … Enciclopedia Universal
Kermanshah — [ker΄män shä′] former name for BAKHTARAN … English World dictionary
Kermanshah — For other uses, see Kermanshah (disambiguation). Kermanshah هلشي Kirmaşan کرماشان city Monuments of Taq Bostan … Wikipedia
Kermanshah — 34° 23′ N 47° 04′ E / 34.38, 47.06 … Wikipédia en Français
kermanshah — I. |kermən|shä, kərˈmänˌ adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Kermanshah, Iran : of or from the city of Kermanshah, Iran : of the kind or style prevalent in Kermanshah II. Usage: usually capitalized variant of … Useful english dictionary
Kermanshah — Original name in latin Kermnshh Name in other language Bahtaran, Bakhtaran, Bkhtarn, KSH, Kermansah, Kermansaho, Kermanschah, Kermanshah, Kermanshahan, Kermanshakh, Kermanaho, Kermnsh, Kermnschh, Kermnshh, Kermnshhn, Kirmansah, Kirmanah, Kirmasan … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kermanshah — Kermānschāh (Kermanschah, Kermanshah, Kirmashan) bezeichnet: Kermānschāh (Provinz), (zeitweise auch Bakhtaran), Provinz in westlichen, kurdischen Teil des Iran Kermānschāh (Stadt), (zeitweise auch Bakhtaran), Hauptstadt der Provinz Kermānschāh… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kermanshah — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Kermānshāh Country and Admin Code IR.13 IR … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Kermanshah — noun see coconut I * * * /ker mahn shah , shaw , keuhr , ker mahn , kerr /, n. 1. a city in W Iran. 190,000. 2. Kirman. * * * Kermanshah var. Kirmanshah … Useful english dictionary