Kapila

/kah"pi leuh/, n.
fl. early 6th century B.C., Hindu philosopher: reputed founder of the Sankhya system of Hindu philosophy.

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flourished 550 BC?

Founder of the Samkhya school of Vedic philosophy in India.

Legend says he was a descendant of Manu, the primal human being, and a grandson of the creator god, Brahma. He has also been thought of as an incarnation of Vishnu. In Buddhist sources he was a well-known philosopher whose students built Kapilavastu, the birthplace of Buddha Gautama. He lived as a hermit, and his ascetic regimen was said to have given him an inner store of such intense heat that he was capable of reducing 60,000 men to ashes.

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▪ Vedic sage
flourished 550 BCE?

      Vedic sage who is often identified, with others, as the founder of the system of Samkhya (Saṃkhyā), one of six schools of Vedic philosophy. He is not, however, the author of the text primarily responsible for giving the school its philosophical definition: Ishvarakrishna's Samkhya-karika (c. 4th century CE).

      According to Hindu (Hinduism) sources, Kapila was a descendant of Manu, the primal human being, and a grandson of the creator-god Brahma, or he was an avatar of the god Vishnu. The important religious text the Bhagavadgita pictures him as a recluse associated with yogic adepts ( siddhas). The Samkhya system attributed to Kapila has had a considerable impact on the Hindu tradition as a whole, especially through its close association with Yoga, as symbolized in Kapila's own asceticism. For example, Samkhya forms a notable part of the philosophical background of the Bhagavadgita. In mythology, Kapila is portrayed as an exemplar of yogic stringency. His hermit regimen is said to have produced in him an inner store of such intense heat that he was capable of reducing to ashes the 60,000 sons of the Vedic king Sagara.

      Buddhist (Buddhism) sources present him as a well-known philosopher whose students built the city of Kapilavastu, according to one tradition the birthplace of the Buddha. Though there are many similarities in the philosophies of the Buddha and Kapila (e.g., stress upon meditation as a technique for removing suffering, belief that the Vedic gods were subject to limitations and conditions, and dislike of ritual and of Brahmanic doctrines), Kapila did not establish a religious community.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kapilá — redirige aquí. Para otros usos, vea Kapilá (desambiguación). Maharshi Kapilá fue un sabio hindú al que la tradición considera el proponente original de la doctrina samkhya. Sin embargo no se conoce ningún texto original de él. Contenido 1 Dos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kapila — This article is about the Hindu sage Kapila. For other uses, see Kapila (disambiguation). Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Kapila — (c. 100 C.E.)    philosopher    The sage Kapila is the legendary founder of SAMKHYA tradition, and thus a key figure in the history of yoga. He is said to have passed on his knowledge to Asuri, who in turn passed it on to Panchashikha. According… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Kapila — Maharishi Kapila est un sage védique considéré traditionnellement comme le fondateur du système philosophique Sāṃkhya, même si on n a aucun écrit de lui sur ce sujet. Il fut considéré par la suite par les Purāṇa comme la réincarnation, selon les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kapila — ( ¿550 BC?). Fundador de la escuela samkhya de filosofía védica en India. La leyenda dice que era descendiente de Manu, el primer ser humano, y nieto del dios creador, Brahma. También se pensaba que era una encarnación de Visnú. En las fuentes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • KAPILA —    the founder of the Sankhya system of HINDU PHILOSOPHY (q.v. HINDUISM); was regarded as an incarnation of VISHNU (q.v.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • kapilá — कपिल …   Indonesian dictionary

  • kāpila — कापिल …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Kapila — /kah pi leuh/, n. fl. early 6th century B.C., Hindu philosopher: reputed founder of the Sankhya system of Hindu philosophy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kapila (disambiguation) — Kapila may refer to the following people: * Maharshi Kapila, a Vedic sage who lived at the latest around 500 BC * Mukesh Kapila, British civil servant and United Nations official * Kapila Vatsyayan (b. 1928), Indian arts scholar and Rajya Sabha M …   Wikipedia

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