- /kah"mah kooh"rddah/, n.1. a city on S Honshu, in central Japan, on Sagami Bay: great bronze statue of Buddha. 172,612.2. the first period, 1185-1333, during which Japan was ruled by a feudal regime.
* * *▪ Japancity, Kanagawa ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Pacific Ocean, south of Yokohama. Situated at the western base of the Miura Peninsula, it is enclosed on three sides by hills and has fine sandy beaches to the south. Kamakura was a small fishing village until it was established as a capital of the Minamoto clan in 1180. It then retained its political status as the second capital of Japan for about 300 years. Civil wars, tidal waves, and fires led to a decline that was arrested during the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), when the town became a tourist centre. During that time, palaces, temples, and residences of nobles were built. Neighbouring villages were incorporated in 1939 and 1948.Kamakura functions as a historic site, a resort, and a residential district along the Yokosuka Line (railway). The Ōfuna area developed industrially after 1945. Historic landmarks include the bronze Great Buddha, or Daibutsu, a national treasure; the Kenchō and Engaku temples; and the statue of Kannon, the goddess of compassion. The city houses the Kamakura Museum and the Kamakura Prefectural Museum of Modern Art. The beaches of Yui-ga-hama and Shichiri-ga-hama attract thousands of tourists. A lacquerware using the technique of Kamakura-bori, developed and maintained by Buddhist sculptors since the 13th century, is still produced as a folk art. Pop. (2005) 171,158.
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Kamakura — shi 鎌倉市 Geographische Lage in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kamakura — can refer to:*Kamakura, Kanagawa, a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan *Kamakura shogunate *Kamakura period, a history of Japan *Kamakura Corporation, a Risk Management firm based in Hawai i link required *a Japanese name *Kamakura (G.I. Joe), a… … Wikipedia
Kamakura — Kamakura, Stadt auf Honshū, Japan, an der Sagamibucht, südlich von Yokohama, 174 300 Einwohner; Museen; Antennen und Computerherstellung; Ausflugsort und Seebad. Die nahebei gelegene Insel E No Shima ist ein Zentrum des Segelsports (Olympische… … Universal-Lexikon
Kamakura — Kamakúra DEFINICIJA 1. grad u središnjem Japanu, 174.000 stan., u srednjem vijeku sjedište šogunata; ima mnogo hramova, poznat po 15 m visokom brončanom kipu Buddhe 2. pov. prvo razdoblje 1185 1333. feudalnog režima u Japanu 3. japanska tehnika… … Hrvatski jezični portal
Kamakura — v. du Japon (Honshû); 175 500 hab. Tourisme. Statue colossale en bronze du Bouddha (1252). Temples bouddhiques. Capitale du Japon du XIIe au XIVe s … Encyclopédie Universelle
Kamakúra — m grad u središnjem Japanu … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
Kamakura — [käm΄ə koor′ə] city in SE Honshu, Japan, southeast of Yokohama: site of Daibutsu, the great bronze figure of Buddha (cast 1252): pop. 176,000 … English World dictionary
Kamakura — Pour le jeu de société Kamakura, voir Kamakura (jeu). Kamakura shi (鎌倉市) Vue sur le mont Fuji, avec Kamakura et la plage de Shichirigahama au premier plan … Wikipédia en Français
Kamakura-gū — Infobox Shinto shrine name = Kamakura gū width = caption = The Haiden type = dedication = Prince Morinaga founded = 1869 closed = founder = Meiji Emperor priest = address = 154 Nikaido, Kamakura, Kanagawa 248–0002 phone = 0467 22 0318 website =… … Wikipedia
Kamakura — 1) The Kamakura period (1185 1333). 2) A type of igloo made of snow, common in the snow country parts of northern Japan. Kamakura are built in mid February and occupied by children who cook and eat o mochi and drink amazake, a sweet drink… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto