Kalgoorlie

/kal goor"lee/, n.
a city in SW Australia: chief center of gold-mining industry in Australia. 9201, with suburbs 19,848.

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      town, south central Western Australia. Together with neighbouring Boulder to the south, it forms the principal settlement of the East Coolgardie goldfield, on the western fringe of the Nullarbor Plain and the Great Victoria Desert. Mining began with a rush following Paddy Hannan's discovery of gold in 1893, and the main deposit of deep, rich ores came to be known as the Golden Mile reef. Kalgoorlie developed as Hannan's Find; its present name is a corruption of the Aboriginal word galgurli, an indigenous scrub.

      Gold production peaked in 1903 and then, with the depletion of surface deposits, declined until 1929. Controlled production and subsequent improvements in mining and processing methods and gold prices brought a degree of stabilization until the early 1970s. By the end of 1978, only one major gold mine was still in operation. Rising prices in the 1980s, however, brought about a revival of gold mining and exploration. The Kalgoorlie Super Pit is now one of the world's largest open-cut mines.

      Nickel has taken the place of gold as the region's chief mineral product. After the discovery (1966) of nickel ore at Kambalda (37 miles [60 km] south), Kalgoorlie became a service centre for this developing field. It has a large nickel smelter, built since 1971. Other industries in the town include ore-treatment plants, foundries, engineering works, and breweries. Kalgoorlie lies on the Great Eastern Highway to Perth (374 miles west). It is served by the state rail system connecting to Esperance (260 miles south), and the Trans-Australian Railway to Port Augusta and Port Pirie in South Australia. Still perceived as a gold mining town, it is also well-known in Western Australia for its illegal, but tolerated, two-up (gambling) ring and its Hay Street brothel district. The Australian Prospectors and Miners Hall of Fame opened in 2001.

      Kalgoorlie is in an arid region and has, since 1903, been part of the Goldfield Water Supply System, bringing water from the Mundaring Weir on the Helena River, 15 miles east of Perth. The Western Australia School of Mines moved to Kalgoorlie in 1903. It now forms part of the Kalgoorlie campus of Curtin University of Technology. Pop. (2001) Kalgoorlie-Boulder urban centre, 28,281.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kalgoorlie — Kalgoorlie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kalgoorlie — bezeichnet: eine australische Stadt, siehe Kalgoorlie Boulder ein australisches Kriegsschiff, siehe HMAS Kalgoorlie (J192) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kalgoorlie — Kalgoorlie, Bergwerksstadt in Westaustralien, 38 km nordöstlich von Coolgardie (s. d.), mit reichen, 1893 entdeckten Goldlagern und über 18,000 Einw. Man plant, die Eisenbahn Perth Coolgardie K. nach Port Augusta (s. d.) in Südaustralien… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kalgoorlie — (spr. gur ), Hannan s, Ort in der brit. Kolonie Westaustralien, Mittelpunkt des Goldfelddistr. East Coolgardie, (1903) 6780 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kalgoorlie — 30°46′38″S 121°30′17″E / 30.77722, 121.50472 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kalgoorlie — /kælˈgʊəli/ (say kal goouhlee) noun a town in southern central WA, now including the adjoining town of Boulder; gold and nickel mining. Also, Kalgoorlie Boulder. {? Australian Aboriginal} In 1893 gold was discovered by Paddy Hannan on land… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Kalgoorlie — Original name in latin Kalgoorlie Name in other language Boulder, KGI, Kalgoorlie Boulder, Kalgurli, Калгурли State code AU Continent/City Australia/Perth longitude 30.74614 latitude 121.4742 altitude 387 Population 31107 Date 2013 06 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kalgoorlie — noun A city in Western Australia …   Wiktionary

  • Kalgoorlie —  Mining town in Western Australia …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Kalgoorlie — Kal•goor•lie [[t]kælˈgʊər li[/t]] n. geg a city in SW Australia: chief center of gold mining industry in Australia. 10,087, with suburbs 19,848 …   From formal English to slang

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