Kaddish

Ashk. Heb. /kah"dish/; Seph. Heb. /kah deesh"/, n., pl. Kaddishim Ashk. Heb. /kah dish"im/; Seph. Heb. /kah dee sheem"/. Judaism.
1. (italics) a liturgical prayer, consisting of three or six verses, recited at specified points during each of the three daily services and on certain other occasions.
2. (italics) Also called Mourner's Kaddish. the five-verse form of this prayer that is recited at specified points during each of the three daily services by one observing the mourning period of 11 months, beginning on the day of burial, for a deceased parent, sibling, child, or spouse, and by one observing the anniversary of such a death.
3. Kaddishim, persons who recite this prayer.
[1605-15; < Aram qaddish holy (one)]

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Jewish doxology (hymn of praise to God) that is usually recited in Aramaic at the end of principal sections of all synagogue services.

Originally recited in the rabbinical academies, it later became a regular feature of the synagogue service. The prayer expresses, in addition to the praise of God, the plea for the speedy realization of the messianic age. The prayer's association with the arrival of the messiah and the resurrection of the dead led to its becoming the prayer of mourners. There are four other forms of the Kaddish used in worship services.

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also spelled  Qaddish 

      in Judaism, a doxology (hymn of praise to God) that is usually recited in Aramaic at the end of principal sections of all synagogue services. The nucleus of the prayer is the phrase “Glorified and sanctified be God's great name throughout the world which He has created according to His will. May He establish His kingdom in your lifetime and during your days.” The congregation responds: “May His great name be blessed forever to all eternity.” The prayer's main idea goes back to ancient times and is reflected in the Lord's Prayer of Christians.

      Originally the Kaddish was recited in the rabbinical academies at the conclusion of public study or after the sermon of the preacher. In time it became a regular feature of the synagogue service. The prayer expresses, in addition to the praise of God, the plea for the speedy realization of the messianic age; and, because the resurrection of the dead is associated with the coming of the Messiah, the Kaddish eventually became the prayer of mourners. It is recited by the mourners for a period of 11 months and one day after the death of a parent or close relative. There are longer and shorter forms of the Kaddish.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KADDISH — (Aram. קַדִּישׁ; holy ), a doxology, most of it in Aramaic, recited with congregational responses at the close of individual sections of the public service and at the conclusion of the service itself. There are four main types of Kaddish: (a) THE …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kaddish — ● kaddish nom masculin (araméen qaddish, saint) Prière juive récitée à la fin de chaque partie de l office synagogal. (C est une exaltation de la toute puissance divine.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kaddish — doxology of the Jewish ritual, 1610s, from Aramaic qaddish holy, holy one, from stem of q dhash was holy, ithqaddash was sanctified, related to Heb. qadhash was holy, qadhosh holy. According to Klein, the name probably is from the second word of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • kaddish — [käd′ish] n. [Aram kadish, lit., holy, akin to Heb kadosh, holy < root kdš, sanctify] 1. Judaism a prayer in praise of God, recited as part of the daily service 2. another form of this prayer recited by mourners …   English World dictionary

  • Kaddish — This article is about the Jewish prayer. For other uses, see Kaddish (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Kiddush or Kedusha. Part of a series of articles on …   Wikipedia

  • Kaddish — Le Kaddish (hébreu : קדיש qaddish, « sanctification ») est l une des pièces centrales de la liturgie juive et a également influencé plusieurs prières chrétiennes, dont le Notre Père[1]. Il a pour thème la glorification et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • “Kaddish” — by Allen Ginsberg (1961)    The title poem of allen ginsberg’s 1961 volume, kaddisH and otHer poems, “Kaddish” is the poet’s autobiographical elegy for his mother, Naomi Ginsberg, who died in 1956 after a series of mental breakdowns during the… …   Encyclopedia of Beat Literature

  • kaddish — Doxología (himno de alabanza a Dios) judía que en general se recita en arameo al concluir las secciones principales de todos los servicios en la sinagoga. Recitado originalmente en las academias rabínicas, pasó a convertirse en un elemento… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kaddish —    (KAH dish) [Aramaic: holy] In Judaism, a liturgical prayer in praise of God, part of the regular daily service in a synagogue; a form of this prayer recited during the period of mourning for a deceased family member, or on the anniversary of a …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • Kaddish — [ kadɪʃ] noun an ancient Jewish prayer sequence recited in the synagogue service. ↘a form of the Kaddish recited for the dead. Origin from Aramaic qaddīš holy …   English new terms dictionary

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