just intonation

a system of tuning based on the pure perfect fifth and major third.
[1840-50]

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music
      in music, system of tuning (tuning and temperament) in which the correct size of all the intervals of the scale is calculated by different additions and subtractions of pure natural thirds and fifths (the intervals that occur between the fourth and fifth, and second and third tones, respectively, of the natural harmonic series; see overtone). Supposedly used in medieval monophonic music (melody only, without harmony) and considerably discussed by theorists, just intonation proved impractical for polyphonic (multipart) music and was replaced at least by the year 1500 by meantone temperament.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Just intonation — Just Just, a. [F. juste, L. justus, fr. jus right, law, justice; orig., that which is fitting; akin to Skr. yu to join. Cf. {Injury}, {Judge}, {Jury}, {Giusto}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not doing wrong …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Just intonation — In music, just intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. Any interval tuned in this way is called a just interval; in other words, the two notes are members of the same harmonic… …   Wikipedia

  • just intonation — Music. a system of tuning based on the pure perfect fifth and major third. [1840 50] * * * just intonation noun (music) Observance of the true mathematical theoretical pitch, without compromise or temperament • • • Main Entry: ↑just …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of intervals in 5-limit just intonation — The intervals of 5 limit just intonation are ratios involving only the powers of 2, 3, and 5. The fundamental intervals are the superparticular ratios 2/1 (the octave), 3/2 (the perfect fifth) and 5/4 (the major third). That is, the notes of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Just — Just, a. [F. juste, L. justus, fr. jus right, law, justice; orig., that which is fitting; akin to Skr. yu to join. Cf. {Injury}, {Judge}, {Jury}, {Giusto}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not doing wrong to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Intonation (music) — Intonation, in music, is a musician s realization of pitch accuracy, or the pitch accuracy of a musical instrument.tringsWith fretless string instruments such as violins, intonation depends on the musician pressing with their fingers at the exact …   Wikipedia

  • Just Imagine... — Stan Lee is a comic book published by DC Comics. It was the first work by Stan Lee, co creator of numerous popular Marvel Comics characters, for DC Comics, in which he reimagined several DC superheroes including Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman,… …   Wikipedia

  • just — adverb. 1. When it means ‘a little time ago’, just is used differently in BrE and AmE. In BrE the usual construction is with a perfect tense formed with have: I have just arrived home, but in AmE the verb is normally a simple past form: I just… …   Modern English usage

  • justintonation — just intonation n. Music A tuning system having intervals that are acoustically pure.   [just1 harmonically pure.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Microtonal music — Composer Charles Ives chose the chord above as good possibility for a fundamental chord in the quarter tone scale, akin not to the tonic but to the major chord of traditional tonality.(Boatright 1971, 8 9)   …   Wikipedia

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