jus gentium

/jus" jen"shee euhm/, Roman Law.
See under jus civile.
[1540-50; < L: law of the nations]

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      (Latin: “law of nations”), in legal theory, that law which natural reason establishes for all men, as distinguished from jus civile, or the civil law peculiar to one state or people. Roman lawyers and magistrates originally devised jus gentium as a system of equity applying to cases between foreigners and Roman citizens. The concept originated in the Romans' assumption that any rule of law common to all nations must be fundamentally valid and just. They broadened the concept to refer to any rule that instinctively commended itself to their sense of justice. Eventually the term became synonymous with equity, or the praetorian law. In modern law, there is a distinction between jus gentium privatum, which denotes private international law, otherwise known as conflict of laws, and jus gentium publicum, which denotes the system of rules governing the intercourse of nations.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jus gentium — Jus gentium, Latin for law of nations , was originally the part of Roman law that the Roman Empire applied to its dealings with foreigners, especially provincial subjects. In later times the Latin term came to refer to the natural or common law… …   Wikipedia

  • jus gentium — jus gen·ti·um / jen shē əm, chəm/ n [Latin, literally, law of nations]: a body of law recognized by nations that is binding and governs their relations with each other: international law – called also law of nations; ◇ In Roman law jus gentium… …   Law dictionary

  • Jus gentĭum — (lat., »Recht der Völker«, nicht zu verwechseln mit dem heutigen »Völkerrecht«, jus inter gentes), in der römischen Rechtssprache das in Rom neben dem jus civile (s. d.) durch Gewohnheit und Jurisprudenz geltend gewordene Recht, das die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • jus gentium — [ʒysʒɛ̃sjɔm] n. m. ÉTYM. D. i.; expression latine signifiant « droit des gens ». ❖ ♦ Antiq. lat. Droit appliqué aux étrangers (par oppos. à jus civile, « droit des citoyens »). Mod. Droit international …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • jus gentium — лат. (юс гэнциум) международное право. Толковый словарь иностранных слов Л. П. Крысина. М: Русский язык, 1998 …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • jus gentium — [jen′shē əm] n. [L, law of nations] 1. Rom. Law the laws common to all people as distinguished from those applying only to Roman citizens 2. INTERNATIONAL LAW …   English World dictionary

  • Jus gentium — Droit des gens Le Droit des gens est une traduction du latin jus gentium (gens, gentis, signifiant « nation », « peuple »). Ce terme désigne aussi le droit naturel et le droit international, c est à dire le droit des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jus gentium — /jas jensh(iy)am/ The law of nations. That law which natural reason has established among all men is equally observed among all nations, and is called the law of nations, as being the law which all nations use. Although this phrase had a meaning… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Jus gentium — Lit. law of the people . Bracton said: the authority of . . . lords [is] sanctioned by the jus gentium; it once extended to life and death but is now restricted by the civil law . . . life and member are in the king s *potestas …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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