- /jooh'lee an"euh/; for 1 also Du. /yyuu'lee ah"nah/, n.1. (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina) born 1909, queen of the Netherlands 1948-80 (daughter of Wilhelmina I).2. Also, Julianna, Julianne /jooh'lee an"/. a female given name, form of Julia.
* * *▪ queen of The Netherlandsin full Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelminaborn April 30, 1909, The Hague, Netherlandsdied March 20, 2004, Baarnqueen of The Netherlands from 1948 to 1980.Juliana, the only child of Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, studied law at the University of Leiden (1927–30) and in 1931 helped form the Nationaal Crisis Comité to foster measures by private enterprise to alleviate the economic depression. She married Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld in 1937 and gave birth to four daughters: Beatrix (1938), Irene (1939), Margriet (1943), and Christina (1947). During World War II, Juliana took refuge in Ottawa while her husband remained with Queen Wilhelmina's government, which had relocated to London.After returning to The Netherlands in 1945, Juliana acted as regent (October–December 1947 and May–August 1948) during Wilhelmina's illness and was inaugurated as queen on September 6, 1948, following her mother's abdication two days earlier. Juliana's employment of a faith healer in the 1950s to tend to Christina, who had been born almost totally blind, caused public concern, and the marriages of Princess Irene to a Spanish Carlist prince (1964) and Princess Beatrix to a German diplomat (1966) aroused political controversy stemming from Dutch memories of World War II. Another crisis involved Prince Bernhard's acceptance of huge sums of money from the U.S. Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in 1976. Juliana withstood these dissensions, however, owing largely to her great popularity. She endeared herself to the Dutch public with her modesty—she sent her children to public schools, shopped at the local supermarket, and abolished such formalities as the curtsey—and her efforts to promote social welfare. On April 30, 1980, Juliana, by her own wish, abdicated in favour of Beatrix. She continued, however, to maintain an active public life until the late 1990s, when her health declined.
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JULIANA — (1909 ) reine des Pays Bas (1948 1980) Fille unique de la reine Wilhelmine et du prince Henri, duc de Mecklembourg, Juliana, princesse d’Orange Nassau, duchesse de Mecklembourg, née à La Haye, était princesse héritière dès sa naissance. Premier… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Juliana — Juliana, Königin der Niederlande (1948 80), * Den Haag 30. 4. 1909; Tochter der Königin Wilhelmina; Ȋ seit 1937 mit Prinz Bernhard zur Lippe Biesterfeld; lebte während des Zweiten Weltkriegs mit ihrer Familie 1940 45 im Exil (Großbritannien,… … Universal-Lexikon
Juliana — Juliana, Juliane lateinischer Ursprung, weibliche Form von Julian bzw. → Julius (Bedeutung angelehnt an einen römischen Geschlechternamen). Namensträgerin: Königin Juliana der Niederlande … Deutsch namen
Juliana — Juliana1 [jo͞o΄lē an′ə] n. [L, fem. of JULIAN1] a feminine name: equiv. Fr. Julienne, It. Giuliana Juliana2 [yü΄lē ȧ′nə] (born Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina) 1909 ; queen of the Netherlands (1948 80): daughter of Wilhelmina … English World dictionary
Juliana — Juliāna, ein aus dem Lateinischen entlehnter weiblicher Taufnahme, welcher im gemeinen Leben Jule, Jul, und im Diminut. Julchen lautet … Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart
Juliana — f Latin feminine form of Juliānus (see JULIAN (SEE Julian)), which was revived in England in the 18th century and has been used occasionally ever since. The name in this form is also used in Germany, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Spain, and… … First names dictionary
JULIANA — mater virginis Demetriadis. Vide Demetrias … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
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