judge

judgeable, adj.judger, n.judgeless, adj.judgelike, adj.judgeship, n.judgingly, adv.
/juj/, n., v., judged, judging.
n.
1. a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice.
2. a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter: the judges of a beauty contest.
3. a person qualified to pass a critical judgment: a good judge of horses.
4. an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
5. (esp. in rural areas) a county official with supervisory duties, often employed part-time or on an honorary basis.
v.t.
6. to pass legal judgment on; pass sentence on (a person): The court judged him guilty.
7. to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass judgment; adjudicate; try: The Supreme Court is judging that case.
8. to form a judgment or opinion of; decide upon critically: You can't judge a book by its cover.
9. to decide or settle authoritatively; adjudge: The censor judged the book obscene and forbade its sale.
10. to infer, think, or hold as an opinion; conclude about or assess: He judged her to be correct.
11. to make a careful guess about; estimate: We judged the distance to be about four miles.
12. (of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
v.i.
13. to act as a judge; pass judgment: No one would judge between us.
14. to form an opinion or estimate: I have heard the evidence and will judge accordingly.
15. to make a mental judgment.
[1175-1225; (v.) ME jugen < AF juger, OF jugier < L judicare to judge, equiv. to judic- (s. of judex) a judge + -are inf. suffix; (n.) ME juge < OF < L judicem, acc. of judex]
Syn. 1. justice. 2. arbitrator. JUDGE, REFEREE, UMPIRE refer to one who is entrusted with decisions affecting others. JUDGE, in its legal and other uses, implies particularly that one has qualifications and authority for giving decisions in matters at issue: a judge appointed to the Supreme Court; a judge in the pie competition. A REFEREE usually examines and reports on the merits of a case as an aid to a court. An UMPIRE gives the final ruling when arbitrators of a case disagree. 3. connoisseur, critic. 10. determine, consider, regard. 13. adjudge, adjudicate.

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Public official vested with the authority to hear, determine, and preside over legal matters brought in court.

In jury cases, the judge presides over the selection of the panel and instructs it concerning pertinent law. The judge may also rule on motions made before or during a trial. In the U.S., judges are elected or appointed. Most federal judges are appointed for life by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. The highest-ranking judge in the U.S. legal system is the chief justice of the Supreme Court. See also judgment, judiciary, magistrate's court, Missouri Plan.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • judge — 1 / jəj/ vb judged, judg·ing [Old French jugier, from Latin judicare, from judic judex judge, from jus right, law + dicere to decide, say] vt 1: to hear and decide (as a litigated question) in a court of justice judge a case 2: to pronounce after …   Law dictionary

  • Judge — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Christopher Judge (* 1964), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Grace Judge (* 1882), britische Ärztin Igor Judge, Baron Judge (* 1941), Lord Chief Justice and President of the Courts of England and Wales Jack… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judge — (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See {Judge}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judge — Judge, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Judged} (j[u^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Judging}.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}, and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — vb 1 Judge, adjudge, adjudicate, arbitrate mean to decide something in dispute or controversy upon its merits and upon evidence. All these words imply the existence of a competent legal tribunal or of its equivalent. Judge implies mainly the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Judge — Жанр хардкор панк Годы 1987–1991 Страна …   Википедия

  • judge — [juj] n. [ME juge < OFr < L judex, a judge, lit., one who points out the right < jus, law + dicere, to say, point out: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. an elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of… …   English World dictionary

  • Judge — Judge, v. t. 1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. Chaos [shall] judge the strife. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. [1913 Webster] God… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — [n] person who arbitrates adjudicator, appraiser, arbiter, assessor, authority, bench, chancellor, conciliator, court, critic, evaluator, expert, honor, inspector, intercessor, intermediary, interpreter, judiciary, justice, justice of peace,… …   New thesaurus

  • Judge — (engl., spr. dschöddsch), der Richter. Im engern Sinne werden Judges die Mitglieder der höhern Gerichte genannt, im Unterschied von den Justices (of the peace), den Friedensrichtern (s. Friedensgerichte; vgl. England [Rechtspflege], S. 804) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • judge — ► NOUN 1) a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court. 2) a person who decides the results of a competition. 3) a person able or qualified to give an opinion. ► VERB 1) form an opinion about. 2) give a verdict on in a law court. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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