Jovian

Jovianly, adv.
/joh"vee euhn/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to the Roman god Jupiter.
2. of or pertaining to the planet Jupiter.
[1520-30; < L Jov- (see JOVE) + -IAN]
/joh"vee euhn/, n. (Flavius Claudius Jovianus)
A.D. 331?-364, Roman emperor 363-364.

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▪ Roman emperor
Latin in full  Flavius Jovianus  
born c. 331, Singidunum, Moesia Superior [now Belgrade, Serb.]
died Feb. 17, 364, Dadastana, Bithynia [in present-day Turkey]

      Roman emperor from 363 to 364.

      Jovian took part in the expedition of the emperor Julian against Sāsānian Persia. He held the rank of senior staff officer and was proclaimed emperor by his troops after Julian was killed on June 26, 363. To extricate his army from Persia, the new ruler immediately concluded a peace, ceding to the Persians all Roman territory east of the Tigris River, together with the cities of Singara (modern Sinjār, Iraq) and Nisibis (modern Nusaybin, Turkey). Some of Jovian's contemporaries, believing that the army could have fought its way out, considered this treaty to be dishonourable.

      As a Christian, Jovian disapproved of paganism, which had been encouraged under his predecessor. Magical practices were forbidden and gifts to churches restored. While still on his way from the frontier to Constantinople he died at Dadastana on the borders of Bithynia and Galatia and was buried in the church of the Holy Apostles in the capital. He was succeeded as emperor by Valentinian I.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jovian — Jo vi*an, prop. a. Of or pertaining to Jove, or Jupiter (either the deity or the planet). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jovian — Jovian,   lateinisch Flavius Iovianus, römischer Kaiser (363/364), * in Pannonien 331, ✝ Dadastana (Bithynien?) 17. 2. 364; nach dem Tod Julians zum Kaiser proklamiert, beendete 363 unter Verzicht auf die Stadt Nisibis und die Gebiete jenseits… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jovian — (adj.) 1520s, of Jove, from L. Jovis (see JOVE (Cf. Jove)) + IAN (Cf. ian). Meaning of the planet Jupiter is recorded from 1794. Latin Jovianus was a masculine proper name …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jovian — [jō′vē ən] adj. 1. of or like Jove (the god Jupiter); majestic 2. of the planet Jupiter 3. of or referring to the four large, gaseous planets of the solar system, specif. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune: cf. TERRESTRIAL (sense 6) …   English World dictionary

  • Jovian — Siliqua des Jovian, um 363 Flavius Jovianus (griechisch Ἰοβιανός, * 331 in Singidunum; † 17. Februar 364 in Dadastana, Türkei), kurz Jovian, war Nachfolger Julians als Kaiser des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jovian — Infobox Roman emperor name =Jovian full name =Flavius Jovianus (from birth to accession); Flavius Jovianus Augustus (as emperor) title =Emperor of the Roman Empire caption =Coin featuring Jovian. reign =27 June 363 17 February 364 predecessor… …   Wikipedia

  • Jovian —    Emperor (q.v.) from 363 364, and before that an army commander and an ardent Orthodox (q.v.) Christian in the army of Julian (q.v.). He succeeded Julian after the latter s unexpected death while on campaign against the Persians (q.v.). In… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Jovian — /ˈdʒoʊviən/ (say johveeuhn) adjective 1. of or relating to the god Jove. 2. Astronomy of or relating to the planet Jupiter. 3. Astronomy Jovian planet, one of the four planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, all having a similar structure… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Jovian — I. adjective Date: 1530 of, relating to, or characteristic of the god or planet Jupiter II. biographical name circa 331 364 Flavius Jovianus Roman emperor (363 364) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jovian — 1. adjective a) Of, or relating to Jupiter (the Roman deity). b) Of, or relating to Jupiter (the planet). 2. noun …   Wiktionary

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