John of Salisbury
c1115-80, English prelate and scholar.
* * *born 1115/20, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.died Oct. 25, 1180, Chartres, FranceEnglish prelate and scholar.A noted Latinist who studied with Peter Abelard and other important theologians in Paris, John was a leading figure in the renaissance of the 12th century. He served as secretary to Theobald and St. Thomas Becket, archbishops of Canterbury. He wrote Historia pontificalis (с 1163) and the Policraticus and the Metalogicon (both 1159) His defense of Becket and of ecclesiastical liberties led Henry II to exile him to France (1163). He returned to England after the reconciliation of Henry and Becket and was in Canterbury Cathedral when Becket was assassinated. He later wrote a hagiography of Becket and promoted the cult of the murdered archbishop. As bishop of Chartres (from 1176), he was active in the third Lateran Council.
* * *▪ English scholarborn 1115/20, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.died Oct. 25, 1180, probably at Chartres, Franceone of the best Latinists of his age, who was secretary to Theobald and Thomas Becket (Becket, Saint Thomas), archbishops of Canterbury, and who became bishop of Chartres.After 1135 he attended cathedral schools in France for 12 years and studied under Peter Abelard (1136). He was a clerk in Theobald's household in 1148 and during the next five years was mainly employed by the archbishop on missions to the Roman Curia. His Historia pontificalis (c. 1163) gives a vivid description of the papal court during this period, partly through its character sketches. From 1153 John's main duty was to draft the archbishopric's official correspondence with the Curia, especially in connection with appeals. In the late summer of 1156 this activity angered King Henry II, who regarded him as a champion of ecclesiastical independence.The crisis passed, but to some extent it influenced John's two books, the Policraticus and the Metalogicon (both 1159), in which his general intention was to show his contemporaries that in their thought and actions they were defecting from the true task of humanity. His work represented a protest against the professional specialization slowly developing in royal and papal administration and in the universities. He unfavourably contrasted the way of life followed by courtiers and administrators with an ideal practice derived from Latin poets and from classical and patristic writers.Out of favour with Henry, John was exiled to France (1163) shortly before Becket was exiled. From his refuge in the monastery of Saint-Rémi at Reims, John wrote many letters assessing the prospects of the Canterbury case. After the reconciliation of Henry and Becket, he returned to England (1170) and was in Canterbury Cathedral when Becket was assassinated (Dec. 29, 1170). Thereafter, John was occupied with collecting Becket's correspondence and preparing a biographical introduction. He became bishop of Chartres in 1176 and took an active part in the third Lateran Council (March 1179). He was buried at Chartres.Additional ReadingD. McGarry (ed.), The Metalogicon (1955); M. Chibnall (ed.), Memoirs of the Papal Court (1956); H.E. Butler and W.J. Millor (eds.), The Letters of John of Salisbury.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
John of Salisbury — (c. 1120 ndash; 1180), English author, diplomat and bishop of Chartres, was born at Salisbury.Beyond the fact that he was of Saxon, not of Norman extraction, and applied to himself the cognomen of Parvus , short, or small, few details are known… … Wikipedia
John of Salisbury — • Article on the life and thought of this medieval philosopher, by P. Coffey Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. John of Salisbury John of Salisbury … Catholic encyclopedia
John of Salisbury — Johannes von Salisbury (* um 1115; † 25. Oktober 1180 in Chartres) war Engländer und einer der berühmtesten Theologen seiner Zeit. Er studierte bei Peter Abaelard in Paris, arbeitete als Sekretär für Thomas Becket und wurde 1176 zum Bischof von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John von Salisbury — Johannes von Salisbury (* um 1115; † 25. Oktober 1180 in Chartres) war Engländer und einer der berühmtesten Theologen seiner Zeit. Er studierte bei Peter Abaelard in Paris, arbeitete als Sekretär für Thomas Becket und wurde 1176 zum Bischof von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John of Salisbury — (ca. 1115–1180) John of Salisbury was a churchman and a scholar, a scholastic philosopher who was one of the premier Latinists of his age.He was a student of Peter ABELARD and was secretary, friend, and biographer of Thomas BECKET, but he is… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
John of Salisbury — (c. 1115–80) Philosopher and Bishop. John was born in Salisbury and he was a student of abelard and gilbert de la porrée at the University of Paris. After serving as a papal clerk, he became part of the household first of theobald,… … Who’s Who in Christianity
John of Salisbury — (1120? 1180?) B. at Salisbury, studied at Paris. He became sec. to Theobald Archbishop of Canterbury, and retained the office under Becket. In 1176 he was made Bishop of Chartres. He wrote in Latin, in 8 books, Polycraticus, seu De Nugis… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
John of Salisbury — biographical name 1115(or 1120) 1180 English ecclesiastic … New Collegiate Dictionary
John of Salisbury — See Twelfth century ( … History of philosophy
JOHN OF SALISBURY — (1115 1180) one of the leaders of the twelfth century RENAISSANCE and the first medieval scholar to be acquainted with the entire works of ARISTOTLE … Concise dictionary of Religion